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ap bio essay enzymes The effects of enzyme concentration, substrate concentration, temperature, and high essay, pH on peroxidase activity. The students focused on determining the effects of enzyme concentration, substrate concentration, temperature, and pH on analysis essay, peroxidase activity. This was tested by school writing American timing how long it took for the filter paper to rise to the top at how to Downside different environments for the proxidase. The higher the enzyme concentration was, the filter paper rose faster. The higher the substrate concentration, the middle percent of substrate concentration lifted the filter paper faster. For pH, pH 8 was the fastest and the medium temperature was the fastest for high essay writing Washington temperature. Enzymes are catalysts that carry out chemical reactions in a living cell. They are made up of amino acids and often contain a prosthetic group that is 7 essay Bromsgrove School, important in the actual catalysis (Nicholas). An enzyme-catalyzed reaction is school writing University Washington, when a substrate binds to the active site in write my essay 4 me University Irvine (UCI), an enzyme.
Then the substrate is pulled apart in a chemical reaction to create two products. If the active site of the enzyme is high school American, deformed, then the activity and the efficiency of the enzyme is low. If the enzyme is becoming Caterham, so deformed that it does not act at all, it is said to be denatured (Nichols). Salt concentration, pH, temperature, and small molecules all affect enzymes. The lower the salt concentration, the enzymes will denature and form inactive precipitate. The higher the salt concentration, normal interactions of charged groups will be blocked and the enzyme will precipitate. The lower the pH, the enzyme will gain H ions which will eventually disrupt the shape of the enzyme. The higher the pH, the school essay University, more H ions the enzyme will lose disrupting the active shape. As temperature increases, enzyme reactions will tend to go faster however, after its optimum level is reached the enzyme molecules start to be disrupted because the kinetic energy of enzyme and water molecules is so great.
Other substrates may interact with an enzyme. If it increases the reaction rate, it is an activator, and if it decreases the reaction rate, it is an inhibitor. Grade 7 Essay School? Inhibitors may me poisons that interfere with the active site of a critical enzyme (Nicholas). First, peroxidase was extracted. High School Essay Writing American Washington? Peel and cut potatoes into small cubes.
Then weigh out 50grams of potatoes. Place them inside a blender with 50mL of distilled water and a small amount of crushed ice. Homogenize for 30 seconds at high speed. The rest of the procedure to extract proxidase should be in a water bath. Filtered the interesting Brooke House, potato extract with a funnel into writing American Washington a flask that was on ice with a small amount of how to, cheese cloth which takes about 5 minutes to filter properly. Discard the cheese cloth and potato pulp then pour the filtrate into high school writing American Washington a100mL graduated cylinder.
Add cold distilled water until the final volumes is 100mL. Mix it and then place the flask back in the ice. A Visual Analysis College? Keep it in ice throughout this whole experiment unless otherwise noted. To test the effect of enzyme concentration, get four cups and label them 100, 50, 25, and 0 units per mL. Prepare 20mL of enzyme for each of the high essay, concentration. For 20mL of enzyme, add 0mL of cold distilled water which will be 100units/mL. For 10mL enzyme, add 10mL of cold distilled water which will be 50units/mL.
For 5mL of enzyme, add 15mL of cold distilled water for 25units/mL. And for 0mL of enzyme, add 20mL of cold distilled water which will be 0units/mL. Caterham School? Keep the peroxidase in an ice bath. Label identical set of cups for the peroxidase (substrate). Measure out 40mL of 105% of hydrogen peroxide in school, each of the cups. Hole punch some filter paper. Using forceps, place the hole punched filter paper into the peroxidase solution starting from 100units/mL.
Allow the filter paper to absorb the enzyme solution for about 5 seconds then remove and drain by touching it to a paper towel for 10 seconds. Drop the abilities College, hole punched filter paper into the first substrate while timing it. They will sink to the bottom then slowly rise as oxygen is produced from the breakdown of the high school writing American, hydrogen peroxide. The time (in seconds), from the instant the squares touch the solution to the time they again reach the surface is an indirect measure of enzyme activity. Record the results. Repeat the steps for 50units/mL, 25units/mL, and 0units/mL. (Look at picture below for set up.) To test the effect of substrate concentration, 0% (distilled water), 1.5%, 3%, and 10% of hydrogen peroxide was tested. Divide 40mL of each peroxide solution into plastic cups label with the concentration. 4 Me Irvine (UCI)? Then hole punch filter paper. Essay Writing? Use only 100units/mL enzyme concentration for grade 7 essay writing Bromsgrove this part of the concentration.
Allow the hole punched filter paper to absorb the enzyme solution for 5 seconds. Then remove and writing American University, drain by touching it to a paper towel for 10 seconds. Drop them into 10% peroxide solution. Then start timing. They will sink to the bottom, but then they will rise as oxygen is produced from the breakdown of hydrogen peroxide by peroxidase becomes trapped in the fiber of the discs causing the how to do coursework Downside School, discs to float to the surface. High School American University? Record the results. Repeat the steps for grade 7 essay 0%, 1.5%, and 3%. (Look at the picture below for set up.) To test the effect of temperature, label 4 cups with temperature 4, 22, 97, and 60 ? . Place 40mL of 1.5% of hydrogen peroxide solution into school writing American each of these cups and place each cup at a visual essay Kendall College each temperature. Place the 4 ? in an ice bucket, 22 ? on a lab bench, 37 ? cup goes in a 37 ? water bath, and 60 ? cup goes inside a 60 ? water bath. Place 5mL of the 100units/mL enzyme solution in high school essay American Washington, small glass beakers and place one in 4 ? and 22 ? . Place plastic weigh boats in either 37 ? or 60 ? . Hole punch filter paper.
Use the peroxidase and substrate at testing temperatures. Add enzyme to the hydrogen peroxide solution in only the 4 ? . Abilities? See hoe long it takes for the filter papers to rise to the top. Repeat for other temperatures. (Look at the picture below for set up.) To test the effects of pH, label 10 cups with pH 2, pH 6, pH 7, pH 8, and pH 10. Pour 5mL of school essay writing University, 100units/mL enzyme preparations and 5mL of thinker School, buffer solution to the appropriate pH. In the other 5 cups, place 13mL of 3% hydrogen peroxide and 27mL of the appropriate buffer.
There should be one cup with an enzyme and a cup with substrate for high school essay American every pH level. Hole punch filter paper. Put them inside the cups and test how long it takes for the paper to rise to the top. (Look below for set up.) Effects of Enzyme Concentration: Effects of Substrate Concentration: Effects of Temperature: Concentration of Enzyme (Units/mL) Time for Filters to Float to the Top of the Substrate Solution after Sinking to the Bottom (s) No results after 953.91. No results after 640.91. No results after 520.80. These results show that the higher the concentration of how to, enzyme, the faster the reaction was signifying that the substrate fit better into the active site. Never lifted off. ***The time was measured from when the piece of paper with the enzyme touched the bottom of the high school American University Washington, beaker, to when it touched the writing analysis Kendall College, surface of the solution. These results show that the medium sized substrate fit better into the active site than the small and large sized substrate.
Temperature (Degrees Celsius) 19.12 but still kept going. 8.72 but still kept going. These results showed that the colder the temperature, the faster the reaction occurred, but it worked best in lukewarm temperature. Time to reach top. No reaction after 15 min. The time was measured from when the piece of paper with the American, enzyme touched the mixed solutions to when the Seneca College, paper rose from the bottom to the surface of the solution. These results show that the pH has to be neutral or closer to acidic to react faster.
For enzyme concentration, the higher the concentration was, the reaction was faster. This is because the enzymes denatured as the enzyme concentration got higher. Other reactions besides the one that was supposed to occur may have occurred. For the substrate concentration, the high school essay University, middle concentration was the fastest at reacting. Grade 7 Essay Bromsgrove School? The higher the concentration was, the molecules decreased the reaction rate making it an inhibitor which ends up interfering with the active site. For temperature, the lukewarm temperature was the fastest at reacting. Usually, higher the temperature the faster the reaction, but if the temperature gets too high, the enzyme molecule start to disrupt and become denatured. For pH, the lower pH levels were faster at reacting than the high levels, but the fastest was just one about neutral pH. The lower the pH, the enzyme will create chains that will affect the enzymes shape causing it to be disrupted. Nichols BAD, Cholewlak LB (1991) A quantitative enzyme study using simple equipment. In: Tested Studies for Laboratory Teaching, Volume 23 (ed.
Goldman CA), pp. 89-99. Proceedings of the 12 th Workshop/Conference of the essay American, Association for Biology Laboratory Education (ABLE).
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New Monarchies 1450 To 1550 Essays and Research Papers. New Monarchies , which were very powerful centralized governments with unified inhabitants, start emerging in the mid-15th . century. Factors responsible for high school essay University, this advance were the vast demographic and economic growth. Before these New Monarchies were formed there were many changes the new monarchs had to make: including weakening powerful rivals, increasing revenue, unifying the country, and strengthening the power of the king and his bureaucracy. Essay. Three countries successful in strengthening themselves. Catherine of Aragon , Christopher Columbus , Ferdinand II of school Aragon 948 Words | 3 Pages. ? New Monarchies Essay A new monarchy brings power to School, the royal family. It does this in American University, many ways. . Brooke House College. A new monarchy reduces the power of nobility, and high school writing American Washington confiscates land from the how to do coursework School nobles that are on their land. Writing American Washington. They also impose taxes and tariffs on whatever they want.
A new monarchy will also create standing armies and hire mercenaries to protect their land and to grade 7 essay Bromsgrove School, grow their empire. Basically a new monarchy wants to writing, bring money, power, and control to the royal family that is in critical abilities College, rule. An example. Catherine of Aragon , Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor , Ferdinand II of Aragon 859 Words | 3 Pages. Renaissance: Monarchy and Middle Class. AP Euro *Using examples from at least two different states, analyze the key features of the “ new monarchies ” and . the high American factors responsible for interesting persuasive Brooke House, their rise in the period 1450 to 1550 . The Renaissance was a time of revival of ancient thought mixed with new intellectual expressions. However, some areas were experiencing unfortunate setbacks in flourishing during this time. High School Essay. The 100 Years’ war was a war that weakened and depopulated France. The War of Roses was a civil war that created. Aristocracy , Bourgeoisie , Head of state 832 Words | 3 Pages. ?There was nothing new about the New Monarchy , 1492-1516.
Assess the writing a visual essay Kendall College validity of this view. Introduction: A debate . School Essay University Washington. as to whether Ferdinand and Isabella followed the medieval principles of how to do coursework School monarchy – peripatetic, dispensing justice, warrior kings OR whether they introduced a new style of monarchy . New Monarchy Argument: Securing an Erastian Relationship: rebuild their relationship with the papacy Pope’s agreement, in 1486, that the school essay writing University Washington Crown would exercise a ?Patronato? over all ecclesiastical benefices. Catholic Monarchs , Christopher Columbus , Crown of Castile 868 Words | 2 Pages. THE MONARCHY Group Q Jacqueline At present, Elizabeth II is the my essay of California, (UCI) Queen of the essay University Washington UK, the how to School ‘Head of State’, however; not the ‘Head of British . Government’. The existence of the high school Washington monarchy is controversial. Some people think that monarchy has no necessity to exist, and it ought to be abolished as soon as possible. On the persuasive College other hand, the opposition applies an opinion that the monarchy should be maintained because of its special value in high essay writing American University, the UK.
People argue about these two viewpoints for a long time. . Constitutional monarchy , Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom , Head of grade 7 essay Bromsgrove School state 1162 Words | 4 Pages. estimated cost of ?202 million a year the high University Washington British monarchy is the most expensive in Europe and analysis essay Kendall is more than double the cost of the University Washington Dutch . monarchy . ?202.4 million is equivalent to the cost of 9,560 nurses, 8,200 police officers and more than the total annual Ministry of Defence spending on food (Royal Finances, 2012). What we really have to question is, is it worth it? What do we, as British citizens, gain from write 4 me University of California, (UCI), paying for such an expensive monarchy when the money could be spent on high school essay writing Washington, nursing, policing. Democracy , England , Monarchy 1438 Words | 4 Pages. Comparing 600- 1450 1450 -1750 Periods of time have always been changing and evolving. The 600 to 1450 era had . some similarities to the following era, the 1450 to the 1750; though as said before, there were the changes also. Many continuities and breaks occurred between both periods. There were the changes in their trading systems, the interesting Brooke House technology, their global interactions, urbanization, social systems, and their political government development. These events led to various inventions and some.
Catholic Church , Counter-Reformation , Martin Luther 1009 Words | 3 Pages. Canadian Constitutional Monarchy A constitutional monarchy is a form of high school essay writing American government where the monarch acts as the my essay of California, Irvine (UCI) head of high essay University Washington . state, and (UCI) has to act within the school essay University boundaries of the constitution. Canada is part of the British Commonwealth, which automatically classifies us as a constitutional monarchy . The benefit of this system is that the monarch will always govern its state and people in a way that is civil and fair. Essays House. The Queen of England is the head of high essay writing Washington Canada’s constitutional monarchy , but her powers are. British Empire , Canada , Constitutional monarchy 825 Words | 3 Pages.
1. THE BRITISH MONARCHY IS AN OUTDATED GOVERNMENTAL STRUCTURE THAT HAS NO PLACE IN THE MODERN WORLD A monarchy is political . 7 Essay Writing School. system based upon school essay American Washington, the undivided sovereignty or rule of a single person. The term applies to critical Seneca, states in which supreme authority is vested in the monarch, an individual ruler who functions as the head of state and high school writing American who achieves his position through heredity. Succession usually passes from School, father to son or follows other arrangements within the family or the monarchical dynasty. Commonwealth realm , Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom , Head of state 1483 Words | 4 Pages. Down with the high essay American University Washington Monarchy In today’s modern society, the monarchy supposedly plays a very important role. They sit in abilities, their . castles and palaces, making important life changing decisions for others and help develop their country into something more. School Writing American Washington. Is that not the role of how to do coursework Downside a king or queen, to rule with an iron fist?
Apparently not in Britain. Over the many years the monarchy’s role has changed extensively. From an high essay American University, overwhelming powerhouse that always has the write Irvine last say, into a conservative party of. British Empire , British Royal Family , Commonwealth realm 1056 Words | 3 Pages. allowed the British public to high essay writing American University, make their peace with the grade School past and indulge in this romantic celebration of a British fairy tale. Nevertheless, and even amidst . the countdown to the royal wedding, concerns about the school American Washington role of the institution of British monarchy continued to be heard. We are, therefore, going to try to writing Kendall College, deal with the question of high school writing Washington whether such an institution is still relevant in the 21st century. In order to answer this question, we shall first discuss the thinker arguments disparaging the British. Commonwealth realm , Constitutional monarchy , Head of state 1664 Words | 5 Pages. The View of Absolute Monarchies The extent to which rulers and their subjects viewed the role of an absolute monarch was different. The . High School Writing American. time of this political issue on interesting College, absolute monarchies was around the 1600s.
There were people for high essay Washington, the absolute monarchies , people with their own monarchies and people against monarchies . Each one had there own idea for what the role of the monarchy was the Brooke House people against it thought it was oppressive the people for it thought it was because people couldn’t rule. Absolute monarchy , Constitutional monarchy , Form of government 1125 Words | 3 Pages. Technological advances during the period 1450 -1750, or the Renaissance Era, were major influences to the way of life seen today. The ships, . High School Essay University. tools for traveling, especially the ones made Portugal and Spain all Impact society today, allowing for the age of exploration to emerge. All these tools proved prosperous but known more important than the printing-press independently developed in Germany by Johannes Gutenberg. Write 4 Me University. Germany before this time was divided, in other words not a country yet, but divided. Book , Germany , Johannes Gutenberg 882 Words | 3 Pages. Technology, Demography, and the Environment 1450 -1750 The main trend relating to technology, demography, and American University Washington the environment from . 1450 to 1750 are … Some of the most influential new technologies were guns, improved shipbuilding, and better navigational devices. The invention of guns would forever change the way wars were fought. Instead of (UCI) swords, bows and arrows, or lances, guns would emerge as the dominant global weapon.
They were lighter than cannons and more efficient than bows and arrows. Cannon , Culture , Empire 939 Words | 3 Pages. Machiavelli's on A republic vs. a monarchy. the good and high school essay writing the bad. Another reason Machiavelli finds a Republic much more suitable is analysis Kendall College, that when it comes time to elect an official, he believes that their . “elections of magistrates make far better choice than princes” (Machiavelli pg.
264). In a monarchy , the school writing Washington prince is write University of California,, usually born into royalty and tries to high school essay American University, impersonate past rulers they may have found to seem successful. Machiavelli believes that “people of a republic would never elect a man of infamous character and critical Seneca College corrupt habits to any post of. Democracy , Florence , Government 1013 Words | 3 Pages. Democratic Government and high University Washington Monarchy. Democratic Government and Monarchy The types of system of government Democracy and Monarchy are different from each other. The . actual founder of the becoming a critical Caterham School modern democracy was John Locke, who argued with Thomas Hobbes, the school essay writing one who believed that one person king or queen should rule. Government has been an issue throughout time. Many different governments have been established, demolished and replaced over the time, but the question is which one is better?
In democracy they give the critical abilities people more freedom. Autocracy , Communist state , Democracy 1137 Words | 3 Pages. Constitutional Monarchy With the school essay development of the society, the people’s minds have changed. During these years, people discuss a topic about . abolishing constitutional monarchy . As for how to Downside School, this question, voters choose whether to keep the King or not at parliament every day. Constitutional monarchy is a kind of political institution in which the king is regarded as head of the state, but he does not have political rights. He nominates premier and the premier manages the essay writing Washington government. There are many countries. Canada , Commonwealth realm , Constitutional monarchy 821 Words | 3 Pages. ?Advantages of Monarchy Patriotism: Monarchs, by their very nature, are more patriotic than either Prime Ministers or Presidents. Persuasive Essays Brooke College. They hold . great affection for their respective countries: a Prime Minister or President may be at the same post in other countries but Monarchs never have this conflict of interest.
So, fundamentally, it is in the interest of school University any monarch to Brooke House College, work towards greater patriotism. Every monarch makes a considerable contribution in the building of his or her nation. One who. Constitutional monarchy , Democracy , Head of state 785 Words | 3 Pages. ?Unit 07 The Monarchy Appearance The Monarchy in high school University, Britain illustrates the contradictory nature of the constitution. It is Bromsgrove School, . High Essay Writing American. believed that the Queen has almost absolute power and School all seems very undemocratic. Essay American. Every years when the Parliament begins its activities, Queen Elizabeth II makes a speech in which she announces what “my government” will do along the interesting House College year.
So the government belongs to her instead to the people. It is very different from the situation in writing American, other countries like USA or Argentina. Commonwealth realm , Constitutional monarchy , Elizabeth II of the interesting persuasive College United Kingdom 1049 Words | 2 Pages. Relevance of the British Monarchy. RELEVANT TO THE MODERN AGE ARE THE BRITISH MONARCHY’S CONSTITUTIONAL FUNCTIONS?
The British monarchy has always played an important role . Writing American University Washington. throughout history. It has managed to create such wealth and power such as the Golden Age of Elizabeth I. Within her 45 year reign she established the interesting essays Brooke Church of England and saw voyages of discovery which lead to the accumulation of riches beyond its borders. The monarchy has also gone through various changes to throughout its realm such as the declaration of King. Commonwealth realm , Constitutional monarchy , Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 763 Words | 3 Pages. 1450 -1750 Review What were the major changes/developments from 1450 – 1750?
1450 -1750 Major Developments . ?European discovery of Americas creates a New Global Economy which begins a process of school essay globalization ?Atlantic Trade Network (Triangular Trade) ?Atlantic Slave Trade ?Major Biological Exchanges (Columbian Exchange) ? New Empires in Asia, Africa, Europe and Americas ?Gunpowder Empires ?Colonial administrations ?Coercive labor systems ?Slave Systems ?Rise of Europe ?Scientific Revolution ?Enlightenment. Christopher Columbus , Iran , Iraq 1173 Words | 128 Pages. The monarchy The appearance The position of the monarch in Britain is a perfect illustration of the contradictory nature of the . Write 4 Me University Of California,. constitution. From the evidence of written law only, the high writing Queen has almost absolute power, and it all seems very undemocratic. The American constitution talks about government of the people for the people by the people. Writing Analysis. There is no law in Britain which says anything like that. In fact, there is no legal concept ofthe people at all. Every autumn, at the state opening of. British Royal Family , Charles, Prince of high school essay writing University Wales , Commonwealth realm 3215 Words | 5 Pages.
Jackman The Colonies of New Spain In the decades after 1519, the 7 essay writing School Spaniards created the school essay writing American Washington distinctive colonial society of New . Spain. Through this paper I will discuss the a critical features of this new society, how it benefitted the Spanish, and its toll on the native populations using evidence and facts found in high school essay, out textbook, The American Promise: A Concise History and 4 me of California, an article from the Economist Newspaper titled, Americas:1519: The Conquest. It started in the sixteenth century when the New World helped Spain. 16th century , Americas , Hernan Cortes 1058 Words | 3 Pages. Course Paper The Role of the Monarchy in Modern Britain. Paper The Role of the Monarchy in Modern Britain Student: N.S. Golovatenko Group ¹ 403 Checked by: A.A. Shestova Position: Candidate of . Philological Sciences, Associate professor Department: English Language Omsk -2014 CONTENTS: Introduction…………………………………………………………………………. 3 The Role of the Monarchy in Modern Britain…………………………………………4 Summary.………………………………………………………………………………. 8 Sources…………………………………………………………………………………9 Introduction Britain's constitutional monarchy developed over a.
Absolute monarchy , Constitutional monarchy , Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 1842 Words | 10 Pages. Church of England was no exception. Issues with the monarchy ruling the church in Britain was the reason for high school American University, many debates, wars, civil issues . and rights to becoming a critical School, the throne. Initially the Church was under Papal rule, making the Pope have control over something the Throne did not. High Essay Writing American University Washington. Hunger for power in the sixteenth century was not limited to land control and civil control; it spread right up to the Church of persuasive essays House College England causing many problems for the monarchy and Papal authority. High School Essay Washington. The argument during this time. Bishop , Catholic Church , Christianity 2035 Words | 5 Pages. New Historicism is a modern literary theory that focuses on how events, culture, and places within a society influence a written work. . New Historicists analyze allusions to characteristics of the interesting time period in which the work was written. By definition, new historicism seeks to discover the significance in a text by taking into account the work within the construction of the established ideas and assumptions of its historical era. Literary texts are entrenched with historical context and the author. Elizabeth I of England , Elizabethan era , English literature 795 Words | 3 Pages.
?During the period between 1450 -1750, Western Europe has gone through various religious upheavals and drastic changes. Some of these changes . have led to high essay University Washington, conflict, often bloody, and subsequently shifts of power within the West. In contrast, some of abilities Seneca College these changes have also led to the technological advancement of the West and the eventual world dominance of Western Europeans in school essay American University Washington, economics, politics, and innovation. These revolutionary changes and eras include the Renaissance, Protestant Reformation. Bishop , Catholic Church , Christianity 1050 Words | 2 Pages.
earned the name “ new monarchs”. House. There were several factors that helped these leaders rise. Most of the school writing “ new monarchs” that arose . during 1450 to 1550 . In England, King Henry VII taking major steps in building the economy, causing a downshift in noble’s power, Spain’s monarchy came to power through the marriage of Ferdinand and Isabella, France’s Louis XI earned his power by playing mind games, happily snatching the power away from nobles. King Henry VII who supposedly became the “ new monarch” of England. Edward IV of Bromsgrove England , Henry VI of England , Henry VII of England 1007 Words | 3 Pages.
Religion = Art Pope wanted to make a new dome for sistine chapel. Michelangelo was asked to paint it. the pope needed $ to build so he sold . indulgences. Luther was against this. Church art frequently featured holy figures, Protestants (iconoclasts) didn't like this. Church leaders were frequently patrons of artists | Renaissance ideas = shipbuilding, techniques, astrolabe, compass. Humanism = human accomplishments of exploration. Printing press helped circulate news of Columbus's travel | Legitimacy. Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor , Christianity , Elizabeth I of high school writing American University England 962 Words | 3 Pages.
? New Zealand is an island in becoming a critical thinker Caterham School, the southeastern Pacific Ocean. Capital : wellington Population : 4.471 million (2013) Environment: native . forest, mountain, beaches, glaciers, and have been preserved by the people around the great top tourist attractions. High Essay American University Washington. Charming villages vast untouched wilderness The bay islands: most popular holiday destinations in becoming a critical Caterham, new Zealand , contains 144 islands, many animals that live in the marine life, around these beautiful islands, are whales, penguins, dolphins, and. Aoraki/Mount Cook , Auckland , Edmund Hillary 664 Words | 3 Pages. OLD IMPERIALISM VS. NEW IMPERIALISM DIFFERENCES |Categories |Old Imperialism . | New Imperialism | | | 1450 -1650 |1870-1914 | |Economic Causes |“God, Glory, and Gold” |Cheap, certain raw materials—metals, . Africa , British Empire , Colonialism 613 Words | 6 Pages. Between 1450 and 1700, attitudes toward the European poor changed dynamically, roughly following a three-part cycle. In the late 1400's, the . poor were regarded with sympathy and compassion; generous aid from both public and religious institutions was common.
By the 16th Century, however, the poor were treated with suspicion and harsh measures, to high school essay writing University Washington, ensure that they were not becoming lazy, using welfare as a substitute for labor. Beginning in the 17th Century, the attitudes toward the poor again shifted. 16th century , 2nd millennium , Africa 972 Words | 3 Pages. CCOT Essay Trade Between Africa And Eurasia From 300 To 1450 CE. from 300 to 1450 CE like the trade routes that were used, what was traded, and grade 7 essay who participated in trade, there were several changes. Changes . in trade include development of the Indian Ocean trade network around 800 CE, exchange of Islam during Arab invasions in school essay writing American, the 8th century, and abilities the creation of new kingdom and empires such as the Mali empire during the 13th century. To begin, trade routes that African and Eurasian societies utilized changed as well as continued from 300 to 1450 CE. The Mediterranean. Africa , Algeria , Egypt 891 Words | 3 Pages. Due: 9/15/2014 In the primary source Bartolome de Las . Casas debates the subjugation of the writing Indians, 1550 , de Las Casas informs the reader of the ideology of the Europeans.
People coming to the New World believed that they were superior to the Indians. Many people believed that they were barbarous, including a man named Sepulveda, who stated that they were “natural slaves” Although once like the Spanish. Bartolome de las Casas , Ethnic groups in Europe , Hudson River 973 Words | 3 Pages. Russia 1450 -1750Western civilization changed significantly between 1450 and 1750. Interesting Persuasive. While Russia remained an agricultural society, . the West became very commercially active and developed a strong manufacturing base. Many of the core areas of the West transformed; governments increased their powers, science became the focus of intellectual life. These changes resulted from overseas expansion. High School Essay American Washington. Russia, on the other hand, was heavily concerned with territorial expansion, eventually becoming the chief power.
Byzantine Empire , Moscow , Peter I of Russia 418 Words | 2 Pages. The Printing Press and the Cultural Emancipation of writing essay Kendall College Early-Modern Europe, 1450-1800. Cultural Emancipation of Early-Modern Europe, 1450 -1800 Merriam-Webster's English dictionary defines emancipation as the, . [freedom] from . restraint, control, or the power of another, and [freedom] from any controlling influence. The cultural emancipation that began in high writing American Washington, early-modern Europe prior to the Renaissance had a deep effect on grade writing Bromsgrove School, the lives of its constituents. The printing press, invented in 1455 by school writing University Johannes Gutenberg, presented the public with a new forum for book production as the very first. Book , Gutenberg Bible , Johannes Gutenberg 2007 Words | 6 Pages.
Absolutism: Monarchy and Divine Right. eighteenth centuries, unlike Democracy, which wasn’t as effective during these times. Absolutism is a form of government in which one person has complete . power. There is how to School, Absolute Monarchy and some monarchs were known to have Divine Right. Divine Right is the belief that God gave the monarch the entitlement to school essay writing American University, rule. Absolute Monarchy is when the monarch doesn’t have constitutional limits. Democracy is a form of government in which the people have the right to choose their own leaders. This government wasn’t. Absolute monarchy , Autocracy , Constitutional monarchy 1349 Words | 6 Pages.
Ap World Notes. the Maritime Revolution to writing a visual analysis College, 1550. AP world notes. The Maritime Revolution to 1550 . Ferdinand Magellan * 1511-sailed from Europe around southern tip of Africa and east . across Indian ocean * Member of first Portuguese expedition to explore east indies * 1521-goal was achieved by sailing across Atlantic rounding southern tip of high school essay writing American Washington South America and crossing pacific ocean * High price * Killed in battle April 27, 1521 while aiding a local ruler who promised to become Christian * Very little resources- survivors. Atlantic Ocean , Equator , Indian Ocean 525 Words | 2 Pages. FLOURISHED DURING THE AGE OF EXPLORATION AND DISCOVERY ( 1450 -1650), PARTICULARLY IN THE AMERICAS AND PARTS OF ASIA. - A GENERAL DECLINE . A Visual Analysis College. OCCURRED IN IMPERIALISM DURING THE AGE OF METTERNICH, WITH GOVERNMENTS CONCENTRATING PRIMARILY ON INTERNAL PROBLEMS. - THE REVIVAL OF IMPERIALISM - THE NEW IMPERIALISM TOOK PLACE BETWEEN 1870 AND 1914. - REASONS FOR THE NEW IMPERIALISM: - ECONOMICS WAS THE MOST IMPORTANT SINGLE FACTOR IN THIS NEW IMPERIALISM. MUCH OF THIS ECONOMIC EMPHASIS WAS BROUGHT. British Empire , Capitalism , Colonialism 965 Words | 4 Pages.
Discursive Essay - The British Monarchy. as it is no doubt her British loyalists paying for the commuting and security for her. Why should we cough up so she can swan off to Timbuktu or the like? . Perhaps she’s caught onto school essay American, the fact that her position isn’t quite what it used to be when the monarchy could order a criminal to be beheaded as easily as calling their maid for a cup of tea. Perhaps she’s upset now that she has so few powers, besides handing out awards to heroes and celebrities. She even had a role in a critical Caterham, the James Bond sketch for school University Washington, the. Elizabeth II of the a visual Kendall United Kingdom , Money , RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 1449 Words | 4 Pages.
Political Systems Evaluate the Role of the Current Monarchy in school writing University Washington, One Country of Your Choice. to What Extent Does It Fulfill Its Purpose? the role of the current monarchy in one country of your choice. To what extent does it fulfill its purpose? (Preparatory Project, First . Draft) Ramankulov Assylmurat Student number: 201202018 Tutor: Samantha Mullins Date of submission: January 9, 2013 Word count: 1033 Nazarbayev University University Preparatory Course, UCL Language Center The history of the monarchy of Great Britain has roots from the distant history. Since the inception of monarchy of Great Britain, it. British Empire , Commonwealth realm , Elizabeth II of the how to do coursework School United Kingdom 1189 Words | 4 Pages. Essay #1 After about high school essay writing American University Washington 1450 , the advent of completely sovereign rulers started a shift from grade writing, divided feudal governments to cohesive countrywide . monarchies . The characteristics of the feudal system did not disappear, but merely molded into the shape of the new monarchies . Territorial rulers still existed and representative organizations even grew in influence. Throughout 1450 to 1550 , a reformation of the governments of Western Europe created “ new monarchies ”. High Writing American. These new monarchies contained very distinct. Early Middle Ages , England , Feudalism 525 Words | 1 Pages.
NEW FRANCE The Seigneurial System New France was a French colony in present-day Quebec and north-eastern Ontario. How To Do Coursework Downside School. The . colony lasted from 1534, its discovery, when Jacques Cartier was sent to find a route to the Orient and precious gems and metals, to its formal surrender in 1759. An important part in school American University, the history of New France was the writing a visual analysis essay College fur trade, as it brought many new things to the Natives living in Canada and helped New France develop. Europeans traded their supplies with the First Nations. Colonialism , First Nations , French colonial empire 1682 Words | 5 Pages. Mandible - the Queen’s military leader - plans to destroy the Monarchy and replace it with a dictatorship led by high school writing American Washington himself.
Z, on the other . hand, longs for the day when he is free of the colony to do what ever he chooses. When Z learns of Mandible’s plan to a visual Kendall, eliminate the Queen he tries to stop Mandible while teaching others the value of thinking for yourself. Three types of school essay University Washington government are well identified in the film - constitutional monarchy , dictatorship, and democracy. Remember that an ideology is. Absolute monarchy , Ant , Autocracy 514 Words | 3 Pages. Counter Reformation: A New and Distinctive Kind of Spirituality? ?Did the Counter-Reformation create a new and distinctive kind of spirituality? The Counter-Reformation, or Catholic Reformation as it is . often referred to how to, had ushered in an era of Catholic resistance to the Protestant Reformation. The Counter-Reformation can be defined by the various religious orders which sprang up during this Catholic resurgence and the approach in which they took in regards to essay writing University, responding the various social, artistic and Caterham political changes brought about by the Protestant Reformation. Catholic Church , Christianity , Council of Trent 1990 Words | 6 Pages. Differences Between Monarchy and Democracy.
Differences between Monarchy and Democracy 1. Democracy is a type of government that emanates from the constituted powers that are . elected, depending on the system (presidentialist, parliamentary, constitutional monarchy , semi presidentialist, semi parliamentary, etc. ) directly or indirectly by the people. Whereas in high school essay writing American, an absolute monarchy , an absolutist regime exists and is in power because of family lineage. 2. In democracy three state powers(in most cases) exist as a checks and persuasive essays balances. Constitution , Constitutional monarchy , Democracy 792 Words | 3 Pages. British Monarchy - Should They Stay or Should They Go? Yona Oshrat. British monarchy - Should they stay or should they go?
Yona Oshrat The nurse Jacintha Saldanha was looking after Prince William’s wife Kate – . who was suffering from morning sickness – when two Australian DJs called the hospital impersonating The Queen and Prince Charles. High School Writing University. Believing the writing Kendall call was genuine she then transferred the call to the ward where Kate was staying where another nurse gave information about high writing American University Washington Kate’s condition. The nurse found hanged after the hoax call to the hospital - she committed. British Empire , British Royal Family , Commonwealth realm 1579 Words | 4 Pages. Essay # 1 The question of monarchy versus republic is mostly discussed from a highly emotional rather than a rational point of view.
A few . undignified occupants of royal thrones are enumerated, and are then presented as examples of monarchy as such. 4 Me University Of California, Irvine. The defenders of monarchy are no better. They point to essay Washington, corrupt professional politicians, of whom there exist a sufficient number, and claim that this is the necessary consequence of interesting persuasive essays Brooke House College a republican constitution. Neither is a rational argument. There have. Constitutional monarchy , Democracy , Law 1892 Words | 5 Pages. Why Did The Restored Bourbon Monarchy Fail In France (1815-30) Why did the restored Bourbon monarchy fail in France (1814-30)? Much of the historical interest in school essay writing, the restored Bourbon monarchy . A Critical Thinker School. has concentrated on its shortcomings, often giving the impression that it was destined to failure from its very inception. Writing University. Indeed, as both the First and Second Restorations ended in relatively swift revolutions, it is Seneca College, difficult to Washington, argue against the validity of writing essay Kendall College this method. High Writing American University Washington. However, I don't believe that the my essay 4 me question of ?why a failure occurred' can be addressed properly.
Bourbon Restoration , Constitutional monarchy , French Revolution 1908 Words | 6 Pages. Antz Essay: Governmental Issues Like Monarchy, Communism And Democracy. In the high school movie “Antz”, the producers tied many governmental issues into the story. My Essay 4 Me University Of California,. The colony was led like a Monarchy , Communism, and school American Washington Democracy. 7 Essay Bromsgrove School. . Writing. Communism for example was a major part of the story. Do Coursework Downside. Communism is a system where everything belongs to high writing American, the community, so people own nothing much more than the clothes on their back, and the State owns everything. It leaves no reward for personal incentive, and even the grade School lives of the school writing American University populace don't belong to them, but to the State. Resisting was often death. Absolute monarchy , Autocracy , Democracy 927 Words | 3 Pages.
History 308 Mid-Term Exam October 8, 2012 18th century monarchy Royalty and power has always been one of the major underpinnings of . Western Civilization. Do Coursework School. Throughout the course of European history, empires have risen and kingdoms have fallen. The eighteenth century marks a time of great change and high essay American University Washington diversity for European empires and monarchs. It was a time of enlightenment, a break from write my essay 4 me University (UCI), custom and tradition, absolutism and school writing American University Washington constitutional rule. A Critical Thinker School. Based on this great rate of change, diversity. Absolute monarchy , Constitutional monarchy , Democracy 1133 Words | 3 Pages. to 1989.
2. Analyze how economic and social developments affected women in England in high school essay American University, the period from 1700 to 1850. 3. Using examples from at least two . different states, analyze the key features of the “ new monarchies ” and the factors responsible for their rise in the period 1450 to 1550 . 4. Writing A Visual Essay College. Compare and contrast the motives and actions of Martin Luther in the German states and King Henry VIII in England in bringing about religious change during the Reformation. 5. Historians speak of the. Eastern Europe , Europe , European Union 745 Words | 4 Pages. First of high essay University Washington all, let me clarify each form of government is: MONARCHY : a form of government with a monarch at the head. Monarch: a . hereditary sovereign, as a king, queen, or emperor OLIGARCHY: a small group of interesting people having control of a country, organization, or institution. DEMOCRACY: a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of high University Washington a state, typically through elections. ------------------------------------------------- Oligarchy: These people. Absolute monarchy , Constitutional monarchy , Democracy 783 Words | 4 Pages. CHINA 1450 -1750 * China has outstanding naval capacity in persuasive College, the early 1400s (see the discussion of the Ming voyages in the unit Ming Voyages: . 1405-1433). * The Chinese political and social order is at its height in this late imperial period of the high writing University Washington last two dynasties: the examination system has, from the Tang dynasty onward, created a strong centralized and fully functional civil service in place of an aristocratic elite with a territorial base of power. Scholar-gentry, residing at home as.
China , Emperor of China , Han Dynasty 1320 Words | 4 Pages. Changes and continuities in world trading systems during 1450-1750. fifteen century, one of the most important change occurred; a new type of trade began; influenced by the Portuguese and starting the writing analysis essay most . shameful period of history. It quickly expanded, and with the time more countries joined. This new type of trade was, what we today recall, as slavery which had major impacts on essay American Washington, developments of the countries involved: Spain, Portugal, and later England. The European trade had its origins in Mali, around 1450 , when the my essay of California, (UCI) famous leader Mansa Musa converted to Islam, and. Africa , Arab slave trade , Atlantic Ocean 1418 Words | 5 Pages.
Compare and Contrast Old and school writing American University Washington New Imperialism. Compare and Contrast old and new imperialism New Imperialism of the writing essay Kendall College late 19th and early 20th centuries compared to Old . Imperialism of the high school writing University Washington 16th and 17th centuries. Imperialism is the becoming spread of control over territories across the globe. The Industrial Revolution and interests in high essay writing American Washington, nationalism created a new period of imperialism around 1750. Old imperialism lasted from 1450 - 1750, but imperialism alone remained until 1914.Old imperialism and Seneca new imperialism shared the high school essay American same basic concept of controlling.
Africa , British Empire , Colonialism 1210 Words | 4 Pages. Explain the change and continuity of Economic systems and cultural trends from 1450-1900 in becoming a critical thinker School, Europe. ?Amanda Wilson WHAP-B 11 February 2015 Changes and Continuities Over Time in Europe from 1450 -1900 The region of Western Europe has undergone . many shifts in high essay American University, their political, economic, and social structures throughout the centuries. Through centuries of searching for their identity, Western Europe emerged as a world power with their unique cultural and economical identity. From the 1450s to the 1900s, the how to Downside School economic structures shifted from once based purely on high essay writing University, bullion to an industrialized economy while. Europe , European Union , Industrial Revolution 918 Words | 3 Pages. New Kid Being the new individual to join a group is, most likely, an writing a visual College, unenjoyable experience. When the group being joined is one . in which there is no option to remain distant from, becomes even worse. Specifically, in my life there was the dreaded task of changing schools my junior year in high school. High School Essay American. Being forced into a new group of people, a group that one must interact with on a daily basis is a difficult task. However, those that reach out and make sure that the transition goes smoothly, make.
2006 albums , Extracurricular activity , Feeling 915 Words | 3 Pages. this not only strengthened the Duchy of Moscow but gave them the administrative experience they would need for School, independence * Not surprisingly, the . School Essay Writing Washington. Duchy of Moscow would spearhead the do coursework struggle for high school essay Washington, independence against the Mongols * Between 1450 and 1480 Russia cast off Mongol rule and writing analysis essay proceeded on a course of territorial expansion and political centralization. All Ivans Great and Terrible * Ivan III - 1st significant leader * Married the high school writing niece of the how to do coursework last Byzantine emperor. Byzantine Empire , Latvia , Moscow 1699 Words | 7 Pages. ?Ashley Weaver Session B Topic 4 New places New faces Whether you are speaking of high American jobs, friends, scenery or state of mind, . in life change is inevitable.
Some welcome it with open arms, while others fight it until the end, whatever “it” may be. We make a choice to handle such things or allow ourselves to be handled. Success is determined by ability, or lack thereof, adjusting to these changes presented in our lives. In my case, the thinker School change was in residence. Though my birthplace happens to.
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Tip Sheet: An Admissions Dean Offers Advice on Writing a College Essay. Periodically, in a feature called “Tip Sheet,” The Choice will post short items by admissions officers, guidance counselors and others to school American, help applicants and their families better understand aspects of the a visual analysis Kendall College, admissions process. As an inaugural post in this series, Martha C. Merrill, the dean of admission and financial aid of Washington Connecticut College, and Seneca a graduate of the class of 1984, encourages incoming high school seniors to begin contemplating their college essays this summer. She also offers perspective on Washington, what she looks for in an applicant’s essay. Prospective students will often ask me if a good essay will really get them accepted. The truth is interesting persuasive Brooke House that while no essay will make an unqualified student acceptable, a good essay can help a qualified applicant stand out from the competition. A good essay just might be what turns a “maybe” into a “yes.” The college application process takes time, preparation and creativity, which is a lot for any active senior to handle. Summer, however, typically offers about school writing University 10 weeks free of classes and Caterham homework and high American many of the other stresses that come with high school. The pressure of the looming college application deadline is still months away, which allows students the freedom to grade 7 essay writing School, play around with different ideas, test different angles and writing University solicit feedback from becoming Caterham, friends and essay family. Another reason to focus your summer energy on crafting a quality essay: at this point in critical Seneca the admission process, it is one of the few things you can still control.
This is your chance to show us what you are capable of when you have time to essay American University Washington, think, prepare, rewrite and polish. While there is no magic formula for the perfect admission essay, there are a few things prospective college students should know. Here are my Top Ten tips: Write about yourself . A great history paper on Seneca, the Civil War might be very well written, but it doesn’t tell me anything about the writer. Regardless of the topic, make sure you shine through your essay. Use your own voice . I can tell the difference between the voice of a 40-year-old and a high school senior. Focus on one aspect of yourself . If you try to cover too many topics in school writing American Washington your essay, you’ll end up with a resume of activities and attributes that doesn’t tell me as much about you as an in-depth look at one project or passion.
Be genuine . Don’t try to impress me, because I’ve heard it all. Just tell me what is important to you. Consider a mundane topic . Sometimes it’s the simple things in life that make the best essays. Some of my favorites have included essays that reflect on the daily subway ride to school, or what the family goldfish observed from the fishbowl perched on the family kitchen table. It doesn’t have to a visual analysis essay College, be a life-changing event to be interesting and informative. Don’t rely on “how to” books . High Essay University? Use them to a critical thinker School, get your creative juices flowing, but don’t adhere too rigidly to their formulas, and definitely don’t use their example topics. While there are always exceptions, the high essay American Washington, “what my room says about me” essay is way overdone. Share your opinions, but avoid anything too risky or controversial . Your essay will be read by a diverse group of individuals from a wide range of backgrounds, so try to appeal to the broadest audience possible.
Tell a good story . Show me why you are compassionate; don’t tell me you are. Seneca College? Show me that you have overcome great difficulty; don’t start your essay with “I have overcome great difficulties.” Don’t repeat what is already in your application . If you go to a performing arts school and all of your extracurricular activities and awards relate to dance, don’t write about school essay writing University how much you love dancing. 7 Essay Writing Bromsgrove School? Tell me something I couldn’t know just from reading the essay writing American Washington, other parts of writing analysis essay College your application. Finally, don’t forget about the high writing University, supplements . The supplement questions are very important – you should plan to spend as much time on becoming a critical thinker Caterham School, them as you do on your essay. Writing American University? A well-written essay won’t help if your supplement answers are sloppy and uninformative. If you’ve been through this process before — either as a practitioner, student or parent — and would like to add, or respond, to Ms. Merrill’s list, use the comment box below. If you’d like to propose a future subject for “Tip Sheet” — one you’d want to read, or perhaps even propose writing — please send a short email message to us at email@example.com. Comments are no longer being accepted.
Another piece of advice is to have someone proofread your essay, but DO NOT have multiple people give you advice about the essay. It is easy to spot the student essays that have been “finished” or “edited” by friends and becoming a critical thinker family. And the worst essays are the high school American Washington, ones that have been edited to meet the comments of write 4 me (UCI) multiple readers. As a faculty member who regularly catches students plagiarizing on class assignments, the application essay is a hint at school writing American University Washington that student’s future approach to a visual analysis, writing assignments. I think you could do your readers a big favor by high American Washington, compiling a list of states that offer an early path to college. Here in School Texas, it’s called the high school essay writing University, Texas Academy of essays Brooke House Mathematics and Science (TAMS). School Writing American Washington? It’s a two-year program at how to Downside the Univ. of North Texas in Denton for high school juniors #038; seniors; it has about 400 students total. Basically, the students take their first two years of college, and get credit for their last two years of Washington high school. My wife and I have two children, both graduated from grade 7 essay Bromsgrove, TAMS. Best thing is, the state covers tuition, fees, and school essay writing University books; only cost to a visual, us was room #038; board and a program fee.
check it out by high school essay writing Washington, googling “tams”. I have some PDFs I could email you, too, if you’re interested. Dripping Springs, TX. All nicely said but if all this was true there would have been the huge numbers of essay coaches or books we have out today. Ask the do coursework Downside, entrants to any Ivy league school about whether they used coaches or guides and you will get a different answer. it would be good to start thinking about this college application essay… (still a year away) Ms. Merrill’s Top Ten tips are an excellent guideline for the college admissions essay.
I’m currently a college sophmore and high school vividly recall going through this process. One additional tip I would add is keep it lite. I think college admissions panels are tired of reading about how you spent your summer wielding a hammer for Habitat for Humanity or ladling soup in a homeless shelter. Forget the my essay 4 me Irvine, essay – play a sport and be really, really good at it. If you are also a decent student that will be your ticket. Trust me — athletes have a huge competitive advantage in the college admissions game. The admissions people won’t come right out and say it, they’ll say things like “We try for balance in every class”, but if Amherst doesn’t beat Williams, Yale doesn’t beat Harvard, etc. etc., they will get a lot of pressure. If the violin section is high essay writing American University a little off one night, or the lead in the play is a bit weak, it won’t really matter. I’m not cynical, just realistic. I would avoid grammatical errors such as Martha’s “I can tell the difference between the a critical thinker School, voice of a 40-year-old and a high school senior” and Mary’s (reader 1) double error: “As a faculty member who regularly catches students plagiarizing on class assignments, the application essay is essay writing University Washington a hint at that student’s future approach to 4 me of California, Irvine (UCI), writing assignments.” I’m certain that Martha meant “I can tell the difference between the school writing, voice of interesting persuasive essays Brooke a 40-year-old and that of a high school senior,” and that Mary meant “As a faculty member who regularly catches students plagiarizing on class assignments, I note that the application essay is a hint at students’ future approaches to writing assignments.”
the best thing you can do is try out a lot of writing University ideas. my english teacher senior year made us write a different personal essay every day for the first month of school. i never would have thought of my ultimately successful topic if i hadnt been for being forced to do so much writing. if you really feel you must start over the summer, try out lots of Seneca College ideas and dont commit. ask an english teacher or recent ivy grad for advice, your parents may not have the best sense of school writing American Washington a relevant and not trite topic. once you have your topic, draft and fine tune. i went through at least 40 full drafts. luckily my topic answered every essay question i came across. finally, i think the mundane topics advice is do coursework School risky. true, you can have a very good essay on a mundane topic, but you also run the risk of essay American University Washington sounding like everyone else and being trite. if you are writing about your subway ride as a metaphor for my essay University Irvine (UCI) your dreams in life, it had better be a really sparkling, innovative essay. These tips, while a good guide, are confusing. If some of the best essays she’s read include what your life is like from the POV of a goldfish on the kitchen table, then what’s wrong with a creative essay on what my room says about me? That story can be equally as creative. As a 60-year-old graduate student who has also been a journalist for 11 years and school essay writing American Washington recently published a book about my life, I believe in a critical School the power of high essay writing American personal story. Not all teens have found their “voices” yet, and so they try on others for interesting persuasive essays Brooke House size, so of course that will come through the essay. But your voice is unique. It’s you. Don’t try to essay writing American, be anybody else.
So… Keep it simple, be honest, use more verbs than nouns and avoid adjectives and adverbs as much as possible. Tell how an critical, experience you had made you feel and what you learned from it. Describe what sets your heart on fire. As the parent of high school essay writing University two college-aged sons, I could not agree with this advice more. One wrote about a challenge that he overcame and my essay of California, the other about being compassionate. Both essays were about events that happened in their everyday school lives. Both were written in active voice and were little windows into their characters.
Neither used the words challenge or compassionate. I am convinced that it was the strength and school essay American sincerity of their essays that opened the doors at the top schools that said “Yes” to my sons. The essays were the differentiating factor in all the numbers that are part of an application. I encourage other parents to becoming, suggest that their kids just be themselves in their essays – small is good, generalities are boring, tell about something that makes you you. Oh, and read The Gatekeepers – – it offers the high American, best insights into the college admissions process of any of the dozens of books I read on the topic. I wonder if, at the most competitive colleges/universities, anything makes a difference beyond sociology:
My daughter is interesting persuasive essays College a National Merit Finalist (actually won a National Merit Scholarship at a school she chose not to attend), had an “unweighted” GPA over 3.9 at a magnet International Baccalaureate program, had an high school writing University, SAT score of 2290 with an 800 in critical reading (only took it once), had three “5” scores on AP exams before her senior year and every SAT II over 700. She was accepted at every small college she applied. Interesting Essays Brooke House? Rejected at Harvard, Yale, wait-listed at Columbia (and then told there is no place) and at school University Washington Duke….but then, 25 of 26 applicants from her (public) school were rejected from Yale…the one acceptance: a superb musician, triple-legacy, Presidential Scholar. She IS an athlete, but not good enough to play at the schools that rejected her (and plans to at the small college she will attend). Oh…she’s upper middle class white (and competing in a major metropolitan area against many white legacy kids at these top schools).
“been through it” might think himself realistic for advising that everyone get ‘really really good’ at a sport, but being a non-sports person with a non-sports kid, our (IMO rather more sure-fire) resolution to this particular problem is – – apply only to becoming thinker, technical colleges; they do not require essays. Tongue only high American University Washington partly in cheek… Not all Ivy League admits use coaches or guides- I didn’t. I took a risk in writing my application three years ago- I wrote a genuinely personal essay. It was frightening for me to do bec it revealed things about my background that I wasn’t sure Harvard could handle. Becoming A Critical Caterham School? But it was a risk that paid off. So, my perspective is- take a risk, expose yourself, share why admission truly matters to you. Thank you, Ms. Merrill. As a parent whose daughter is at the very very beginning of this process, I’d love to see more advice on the admissions process from you — please keep it coming! And thank you NYT for passing along practical, applicable information.
Most college admission officers agree that a student’s character is the most difficult thing to measure on the application. College essays are the place for students to reveal their personal stories in an authentic, engaging and sincere way . School Essay Washington? In addition to what has already been mentioned, it’s important to read the essay prompts carefully and understand the abilities Seneca College, intent of the school essay writing Washington, question. Jeannie Borin, M.Ed. Some advice that not every student would need, but could be helpful to many: 1 – Don’t try to sound too “intellectual,” if that means stuffing the essay with high-brow vocabulary that you would never use in an ordinary conversation. If you sound like you’re trying to impress the reader with this vocabulary, you probably are – negatively. 2 – If you were sweating and stewing with your essay, try another draft version in a critical thinker School a “devil may care” frame of University Washington mind.
That is, just write it quickly with whatever comes into your head (on the topic) without caring if the essay is good and bad. Then let a trusted person compare the versions. Sometimes the latter turns out to have the becoming a critical thinker School, better “flow,” and high school essay writing American University Washington you can improve on that in the editing process. It’s a little cynical to suggest that all Ivy League admits use coaches and 4 me Irvine guides. A friend currently at Yale was told by a college counselor that her essay was terrible (it read too much like a “story” and didn’t have a “message”), and she sent it anyway. I wrote my essay on my own and got into essay American University, a school famous for its English program. Probably the 7 essay writing, best advice is to stay far away from “moral of the essay American University Washington, story” lines. I’ve seen plenty of books that praise essays about the writers’ overcoming of obstacles, blah blah blah, with all their lines about “through my experience, I learned…” I would get pretty darn bored of that if I were an admissions officer. Neither of my children used a coach or had special classes. We checked the grammar and spelling on their essays and let them focus on interesting persuasive essays College, their interests in and out of school.
One is at an Ivy one is at a small, tier one school. I expect the one going to essay writing American, the small school will get the better education. Some advice that not every student would need, but could be helpful to many: 1 – Don’t try to my essay University of California, Irvine, sound too “intellectual,” if that means stuffing the essay with high-brow vocabulary that you would never use in an ordinary conversation. High Writing American University? If you sound like you’re trying to impress the reader with this vocabulary, you probably are – negatively. 2 – If you were sweating and stewing with your essay, try another draft version in interesting House College a “devil may care” frame of high school essay writing American University mind. Interesting Essays? That is, just write it quickly with whatever comes into your head (on the high writing, topic) without caring if the essay is good and bad. Then let a trusted person compare the writing School, versions. Sometimes the latter turns out to have the better “flow,” and you can improve on that in the editing process. P.S. – Sorry, forgot to tell you great post! Barbara’s #2 is a great solution to any time one gets ‘writer’s block’.
From Thank You notes to funding proposals, it works. High Essay Writing? Also, the ‘trusted person’ who reads and of California, Irvine (UCI) edits the high school writing University, outcome of the persuasive House College, “devil may care” effort can be oneself – but not until the essay American, next day. Read the essay to someone else. Abilities College? Read it as if you are telling a story. You will hear what sounds clumsy, and high school American Washington you will see if it captures attention. I suggest that a good deal of time and money would be saved if admissions officers would simply put all those applicants who seem to meet standards for a college education into a lottery. That random choice is interesting persuasive essays Brooke College fair and is better than officers playing God as to who is fit to adorn their insitution,
My College Admissions Essays: 1. What work of art, music, science, mathematics or literature has surprised, unsettled or challenged you? : A 64-slice CT scanner that the local hospital that I volunteered at had just gotten. 2. What’s your favorite word and why?: Determination (Probably not the “best” choice but it really is and I think I showed it was genuine) 3. Choose any topic of high American Washington your choice: I wrote a descriptive essay of becoming a critical Caterham my trip to the Eiffel Tower and how I was blown away by the beauty and grandeur of the structure. And this was also an high essay writing University Washington, essay that I had used in an English class for School a writing contest and high school American my teacher had rated the paper as an A+ so hey, it was probably my best writing. Currently at the University of Virginia as a 3rd year student. Admissions does sometimes seem like a lottery… And Doc? Does your daughter’s school mascot happen to be a rocket? I think I go to the same school, based on write 4 me of California, Irvine, the information you gave.
As someone who was admitted to some Ivy Leagues and University Washington waitlisted at some Ivy Leagues, and who played a sport but was not recruited, I must say that the essay was probably the key in helping me stand out from the thousands of middle-class, white, suburban applicants. The essay is a visual analysis Kendall really one of the essay writing Washington, only aspects of the application in Irvine (UCI) which you can show who you really are. High School Essay Writing American University? Resumes are nice, but they show what you do–which is interesting persuasive essays House meaningless unless this provides insight into who you are and how your character’s been shaped by writing Washington, what you do. I’m sure many people would probably make blanket statements that are hard to understand…”don’t write about something too grandiose” “don’t write about how to Downside School something too mundane” “don’t make it too intellectual-sounding” “don’t make it sound like intellectualism is not a part of your life”–but the best advice I can give is figure out a writing style that works for high school essay writing American Washington you, and run with it. If you look hard enough, you will find people in your life who know you well enough to give you tips on your writing style while staying true to yourself and making it genuine.
Take this advice with a grain of salt. Consider it carefully and remember…colleges are not looking to accept your neighbor, or your English teacher, or your friend’s mom who works at a newspaper. They are looking for true insight into your character, and interesting persuasive Brooke House College you should seize this opportunity to reveal what it is that makes you who you are.
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100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Examine why something has happened or exists. Speculate about school essay writing what caused the situation. Examine the results of an event, choice, or situation. Trace the start of a situation to a discussion of its results.
Here's how you can use the following topic ideas to write an essay: Reword the question to fit your assignment. Writing Analysis College? Use a question for your topic idea helps keep you organized. Use the question for high school writing American University your title or put it right before your topic sentence. The answer to the question is your thesis. Simple! What causes divorce? What is the effect of do coursework Downside School, divorce on children? Does the age of the essay, child make a difference? How does the divorce of 7 essay writing, parents affect the dating and marriage relationships of their children? What is the effect of long distance on relationships? How does living together before being married affect a relationship?
What causes men to be afraid of commitment? What effect has the feminist movement had on men's and essay American women's views of dating? What causes some women to repeatedly get involved in 7 essay Bromsgrove School, destructive relationships? What effect does having an school essay writing University Washington, abortion have on a dating relationship? What causes children to rebel against their parents?
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What is the effect on the education of students when a district has year-round schooling? What causes teachers to burn out? What causes some schools to fail to educate students? What causes American students to lag behind students from other countries on international tests? What effect do fine arts have on students? What effect does a good physical education program have on high essay writing University Washington, elementary school students? What effect do longer school days have on a school's educational outcomes? What effect does parent involvement in write my essay 4 me Irvine, schools have on education? What caused the essay writing American University, Civil War? What are the continuing effects of slavery on write my essay 4 me University of California, (UCI), American society?
What was the high school essay writing American, cause of the increasing interest in feminism in the 1960s and 1970s? How were WWII veterans affected by their wartime experiences? What effect did WWII have on grade writing Bromsgrove, the Jewish people? What effect did Christianity have on the Roman empire? What caused the Arab Spring? What are the effects of the Arab Spring? What effect has the GI Bill, which educates soldiers, had on universities in the U.S.? What was the effect of colonialism on Britain's view of itself? What were the causes and American Washington effects of 7 essay writing School, colonialism? In the viewpoint of the British, what were the causes and effects of the American Revolution?
What causes the drug wars in essay writing American Washington, Colombia? What causes illegal immigration? What are the effects of critical abilities Seneca, immigration on a country (pick any country)? What is the effect of school writing American Washington, online sales on businesses (in any country)? What was the effect of the printing press (or other invention) on grade 7 essay Bromsgrove, world history?
What are the effects of school writing American Washington, globalization on the position of women? What are the effects of American drone attacks on terrorists and civilians? What was the cause of the destruction of the World Trade Center on 9/11? What is the cause of increased militancy on the part of North Korea? by Josh Wilmoth 0. by Virginia Kearney 8. 100 Easy Illustration Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 3. 100 Easy Causal Analysis Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 10. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by a critical, Virginia Kearney 37. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40. This was great for me because I had to write an essay American Washington, essay about writing some kind of high writing American University Washington, topic with a cause and an effect and this website gave me some really good ideas, Thank You! Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from House, United States.
Sophia--I'm so glad that this helped you. I especially enjoy teaching Chinese students. I have traveled in China four different times and love your country very much! I am a Chinese student and high writing American Washington I think your sharing did help me a lot. Thank you ! this is a great sight for my informational reading and writing class its good. Hi thanks for helping me. Grade 7 Essay Writing Bromsgrove? these topics are really good.. i used some of these topics for my projects and high school essay writing American University Washington got great marks.. i got A+ in all my projects , i am in 7th grade. hubber8893 18 months ago. I think you have presented some great Ideas for hub about 4 me University Irvine relationships. Hugh Johnson 18 months ago.
These topics had a BIG impact on my life. Thanks for your LARGE ammount of tips. These topics really helped me for school. Ruby 18 months ago from high school essay writing Washington, United States. Creative idea for a hub, what was your case and writing a visual analysis Kendall effect for making it lol. WOW this is super great to look up stuff for an assignment. Awesome topics thanks a million. Dwight Goliday Jr 23 months ago from East Saint Louis. School Essay American University Washington? Wow. There are a lot things that cause and effect. A Critical Thinker Caterham? Very informative write.
Virginia Kearney 23 months ago from United States. Thanks Zakeycia and YoLex. High Writing University Washington? My students have come up with most of these topics through the years and now this is Downside my most visited article so they must have done a good job! I think it got over 2000 views one day last week! This is awesome I wish I'd found this hub before I graduated college lol! Great work!
Zakeycia Dickens 23 months ago. School Writing American University Washington? I have a cause and effect essay to type for House College my English class. I was having a hard time coming up with a topic. Your website and writing Washington topic suggestions were very helpful. Thank you. Rasheedah Abdul-Hakeem 2 years ago. Thanks. Great topics. James Packard 2 years ago from Downside School, Columbia, Missouri.
What a great hub! Debatable issues (especially political, social, environmental and behavioural) are great hub topics. They are good to writing American write about to do research and thinker clear up one's own viewpoint, but they also get people talking, and also spark very needed discussion. Thanks for high essay writing American University Washington sharing. Liza Treadwell Esq aka Liza Lugo JD 2 years ago from New York, NY.
I love this one, VirginiaLynne. Your hubs are so valuable to students and professional writers. Cause and effect papers are among the most interesting to read. 4 Me (UCI)? I voted this hub up, useful, and high essay American Washington interesting. Grade 7 Essay School? I am bookmarking this hub for future reference.
I know I'll be using it! Keep up the excellent work here. Marilyn L Davis 2 years ago from Georgia. Good afternoon, Virginia; excellent examples for all categories. Well done.
Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Hi Gertrude--These two words are ones that are often confused. High University Washington? Affect also means to produce an effect upon as well as to influence. I will double check my usage in this Hub just to make sure I haven't made an error. Thanks! Gertrude McFuzz 2 years ago. These are great topics. I just have one comment.
Sometimes you use effect when you should use affect. affect = influence - usually a verb. My Essay University Of California,? effect= result - usually a noun. effect= cause - not used that often - verb. Shamim Rajabali 3 years ago from Texas. This will come in handy for my English class. Thanks. I Love it very much. rakesh ranjana 3 years ago.
Social causes are growing up in lot more ways, knowing it and having a knowledge about it through this site, will help a lot in many ways for people to understand there relationship and social problems. Great hub! I like your ideas, it is something different innovative. Vote up! Thanks! This is high school American Washington helpful. Becoming A Critical Thinker? Vote up. High Writing? Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States.
Sumnerswett--I teach MLA format because that is how to School used by most American colleges in their English departments. However, you are very right to point out that APA and Chicago and other formats are used in different types of courses. I think considering cause and effect is school essay writing University Washington sometimes a bit confusing because it depends on where you view the start of the situation. Often a cause creates an effect, which causes another situation. Grade 7 Essay Writing Bromsgrove School? Sometimes it is hard to pull them apart. School Essay University Washington? That is why I usually like to do coursework Downside call this a speculating about causes essay, because we can't always definitively determine the absolute cause, but we can always speculate and high school essay University argue for the most important causes, or the most important effects that we see in a situation.
Sumner Swett 3 years ago from Owls Head Maine. Okay so cause and critical abilities College effect essays are written in different formats, but let me say in my college profession for the essays to be written were to be in APA format, and high school American Washington it is interesting when researching and writing whether it is from information you have researched or if it free lance. I like to grade 7 essay Bromsgrove School research topics before writing and also note taking is effective. The cause is what causes the situation and the effect is what you have to take into consideration to the cause as we all know it. Kimberly Lake 3 years ago from California.
Great topics! Voted up and shared. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Leidy--That is a great essay topic. I think that some of that labeling can be positive and writing American Washington other aspects are negative. It can encourage students to believe that they are capable, but it can discourage them by making them think that they don't need to work hard, or that if they don't achieve a high grade on everything, they have failed. How To Do Coursework Downside? Seth Tomko 3 years ago from Macon, GA.
A good and diverse collection of topics. I'll be sure to school essay writing American have my students check out House College, some of these for high school essay Washington their own essays. Annie Miller 4 years ago from Wichita Falls, Texas. Very interesting and in interesting essays Brooke House, depth Hub. I am passing this along and saving it, as well! Chris Achilleos 4 years ago. Great hub Virginia, I have written these types of essays before, and high essay American Washington I have found the information that you have presented here to be excellent. Thank you for sharing.
Voted up and useful! Virginia Kearney 4 years ago from United States. Thanks so much Carol! You are always an encouragement. carol stanley 4 years ago from Arizona. This is something to save when trying to come up with new writing ideas. Great hub.
Going to pass this along and of course vote up. Write My Essay Irvine (UCI)? Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and high essay writing University Washington company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and interesting persuasive College Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.
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How to Write the American University Essay 2017-2018
ets essay scorer Automated Essay Scoring: Applications to Educational Technology. Box 30001, Dept. 3452. New Mexico State University. Las Cruces, NM, 88003. 625 Utica Avenue. Boulder, CO, 80304.
Thomas K Landauer. University of Colorado. Boulder, CO 80309. The Intelligent Essay Assessor (IEA) is high school writing Washington a set of software tools for scoring the quality of essay content. The IEA uses Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA), which is both a computational model of write 4 me of California, Irvine, human knowledge representation and a method for high school writing University Washington, extracting semantic similarity of words and grade 7 essay Bromsgrove, passages from text. Simulations of psycholinguistic phenomena show that LSA reflects similarities of human meaning effectively. To assess essay quality, LSA is first trained on domain-representative text. University Washington! Then student essays are characterized by LSA representations of the meaning of their contained words and compared with essays of persuasive essays Brooke House College, known quality on degree of conceptual relevance and amount of relevant content.
Over many diverse topics, the IEA scores agreed with human experts as accurately as expert scores agreed with each other. High! Implications are discussed for incorporating automatic essay scoring in critical abilities more general forms of educational technology. While writing is an essential part of the educational process, many instructors find it difficult to incorporate large numbers of writing assignments in their courses due to school essay University, the effort required to evaluate them. However, the ability to convey information verbally is an important educational achievement in its own right, and one that is not sufficiently well assessed by other kinds of tests. In addition, essay-based testing is thought to encourage a better conceptual understanding of the grade 7 essay writing Bromsgrove, material on the part of students and to reflect a deeper, more useful level of knowledge and application by students. Thus grading and criticizing written products is important not only as an assessment method, but also as a feedback device to help students better learn both content and the skills of thinking and writing. High Essay Writing American Washington! Nevertheless, essays have been neglected in many computer-based assessment applications since there exist few techniques to score essays directly by computer. In this paper we describe a method for performing automated essay scoring of the conceptual content of writing essay Kendall College, essays. Based on a statistical approach to analyzing the essays and content information from the school University, domain, the technique can provide scores that prove to be an accurate measure of the quality of essays.
The text analysis underlying the essay grading schemes is based on Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA). Detailed treatments of Bromsgrove, LSA, both as a theory of aspects of essay writing, human knowledge acquisition and representation, and 4 me of California, Irvine (UCI), as a method for the extraction of semantic content of text are beyond the scope of University, this article. They are fully presented elsewhere (Deerwester, Dumais, Furnas, Landauer, Harshman, 1990; Landauer Dumais, 1997; Landauer, Foltz Laham, 1998), as are a number of simulations of cognitive and psycholinguistic phenomena that show that LSA captures a great deal of the similarity of meanings expressed in discourse (Rehder, Schreiner, Wolfe, Laham, Landauer, Kintsch, 1998 ; Wolfe, Schreiner, Rehder, Laham, Foltz, Kintsch, Landauer, 1998). The LSA similarity between words and passages is measured by write my essay Irvine (UCI) the cosine of their contained angle in a 300-dimensional semantic space. The LSA measured similarities have shown to closely mimic human judgments of meaning similarity and human performance based on such similarity in a variety of ways. For example, after training on about 2,000 pages of English text, it scored as well as average test-takers on the synonym portion of TOEFL#150;the ETS Test of English as a Foreign Language (Landauer Dumais, 1997). After training on an introductory psychology textbook, it achieved passing scores on two different multiple-choice exams used in introductory psychology courses (Landauer, Foltz Laham, in high school essay American preparation).
This similarity comparison made by LSA is the basis for performing automated scoring of essays through comparing the similarity of meaning between essays. Automated scoring with LSA. #9;While other approaches to essays House, automatic evaluation of written work have focussed on Washington mechanical features, such as grammar, spelling and punctuation, there are other factors involved in critical abilities College writing a good essay. For example at school writing Washington an abstract level, one can distinguish three properties of how to Downside School, a student essay that are desirable to assess; the correctness and essay writing University, completeness of its contained conceptual knowledge, the soundness of arguments that it presents in discussion of issues, and the fluency, elegance, and comprehensibility of its writing. Evaluation of superficial mechanical and interesting essays House College, syntactical features is fairly easy to writing American, separate from the other factors, but the rest#150;content, argument, comprehensibility, and abilities College, aesthetic style#150;are likely to be difficult to high essay writing American University Washington, pull apart because each influences the other, if only because each depends on the choice of words.
#9;Although previous attempts to becoming School, develop computational techniques for scoring essays have focused primarily on measures of style (e.g., Page, 1994), indices of content have remained secondary, indirect and superficial. High Writing University! In contrast to earlier approaches, LSA methods concentrate on the conceptual content, the knowledge conveyed in an essay, rather than its style, or even its syntax or argument structure. #9;To assess the quality of essays, LSA is first trained on domain-representative text. Based on this training, LSA derives a representation of the information contained in the domain. Student essays are then characterized by LSA vectors based on the combination of all their words. These vectors can then be compared with vectors for essays or for texts of known content quality. The angle between the two vectors represents the degree to which the persuasive essays Brooke, two essays discuss information in a similar. For example, an ungraded essay can be compared to essays that have already been graded. If the angle between two essays is small then those essays should be similar in content. Thus, the semantic or conceptual content of two essays can be compared and a score derived based on their similarity.
Note that two essays can be considered to school American, have almost identical content, even if they contain few or none of the same words, as long as they convey the same meaning. Evaluating the effectiveness of critical abilities Seneca, automated scoring. #9;Based on high writing American University Washington comparing conceptual content, several techniques have been developed for assessing essays. Details of these techniques have been published elsewhere and summaries of particular results will be provided below. One technique is to compare essays to ones that have been previously graded.
This technique provides a holistic score measuring the overall similarity of content (Laham, 1997; Landauer, Laham, Rehder, Schreiner, 1997). #9;The holistic method has been tested on a large number of essays over persuasive College, a diverse set of topics. The essays have ranged in grade level, including middle school, high school, college and college graduate level essays. School Essay American Washington! The topics have included essays from classes in introductory psychology, biology, history, as well as essays from standardized tests, such as analyses of arguments, and analyses of issues from the ETS Graduate Management Achievement Test (GMAT). For each of these sets of do coursework, essays, LSA is first trained on a set of texts related to the domain. Then the content of each of the new essays is high school writing compared against the content of a set of pre-graded essays on the topic. In each case, the essays were also graded by at least two course instructors or expert graders, for School, example professional readers from Educational Testing Service, or other national testing organizations.
Across the school University, datasets, LSA's performance produced reliabilities within the persuasive essays Brooke House College, range of high writing American Washington, their comparable inter-rater reliabilities and within the generally accepted guidelines for minimum reliability coefficients. For example, in a set of 188 essays written on the functioning of the human heart, the average correlation between two graders was 0.83, while the correlation of LSA's scores with the graders was 0.80. A summary of the performance of LSA's scoring compared to the grader-to-grader performance across a diverse set of becoming a critical, 1205 essays on 12 topics is shown in Figure 1. The results indicate that LSA's reliability in scoring is equivalent to that of high school essay writing University, human graders. #9;In a more recent study, the holistic method was used to grade two additional questions from the GMAT standardized test. Essays House College! The performance was compared against two trained ETS graders. For one question, a set of 695 opinion essays, the correlation between the two graders was 0.86, while LSA's correlation with the ETS grades was also 0.86. High School Writing University Washington! For the writing analysis essay Kendall, second question, a set of 668 analysis of argument essays, the correlation between the two graders was 0.87, while LSA's correlation to the ETS grades was 0.86.
Thus, LSA was able to perform near the same reliability levels as the trained ETS graders. Figure 1 . School Essay American University Washington! Summary of reliability results (N = 1205 Essays on 12 Diverse Topics) While the holistic technique relies on comparing essays against a set of pre-graded essays, other techniques have been developed that also effectively characterize the Caterham School, quality of essays. A second technique is to compare essays to an ideal essay, or gold standard (Wolfe et al., 1998), . In this case, a teacher can write his or her ideal essay and all student essays are then judged based on how close they are to the teacher's essay. In two final techniques, essays can be compared to portions of the original text, or compared to sub-components of texts or essays (Foltz, 1996; Foltz, Britt Perfetti, 1996). In this final componential approach, individual sentences from high school American Washington a student's essay can be compared against a set of predetermined subtopics. This permits the determination of whether an essay sufficiently covers those subtopics. LSA derived scores based on the degree of coverage of 7 essay writing Bromsgrove School, subtopics in essays show equivalent correlations with human graders as graders correlate with each other.
Anomalous essay checking. While it is important to verify the effectiveness of computer-based essay grading, it is also important that such a grader be able to determine if it can not grade an high school Washington essay reliably. Thus, a number of additional techniques have been developed that can detect anomalous essays. If an essay is sufficiently different from the essays for which it has been trained, the computer can flag it for human evaluation. We currently flag ones that are highly creative, off topic, or violate standard formats or structures for essays.
In addition, the computer can determine whether any essay is too similar to other essays or to critical College, the textbook. The program is thus able to detect different levels of plagiarism. If an essay is detected as being anomalous for any reason, the high essay American University, essay can be automatically forwarded to the instructor for additional evaluation. Experiences in the classroom: grading and feedback. Over the past two years, the Intelligent Essay Assessor has been used in a course in Psycholinguistics at New Mexico State University. Designed as a web-based application, it permits students to submit essays on a particular topic from their web browsers. Within about 20 seconds, students receive feedback with an do coursework School estimated grade for school writing Washington, their essay and a set of questions and statements of additional subtopics that are missing from write my essay 4 me University their essays.
Students can revise their essays immediately and resubmit. A demonstration is available at: http://psych.nmsu.edu/essay. To create this system, LSA was trained on American portion of the my essay 4 me Irvine (UCI), psycholinguistics textbook used in the class. The holistic grading method was used to provide an overall grade for any essay. In this method, each essay was compared against 40 essays from previous years that had been graded by three different graders.
To verify the effectiveness of this approach for providing accurate grades, the average correlation among the three human graders was 0.73 while the average correlation of LSA#146;s holistic grade to the individual graders was 0.80. To provide feedback about missing information in each essay, individual sentences in each essay were compared against sentences that corresponded to subtopics of the essay topic. If no sentence was found that matched a subtopic then the student received feedback about the fact that their essay did not properly cover that subtopic. Students were permitted to use the system independently to write their essay and were encouraged to revise their essays and resubmit them to the computer as many times as they wanted until they were satisfied with their grades. Essay! The average grade for the students#146; first essays was 85 (out of 100). By the interesting House College, last revision, the average grade was 92.
Students#146; essays improved from revision to revision, with the improvements in scores ranging from 0 to 33 points over an average of 3 revisions. An additional trial is underway with a similar system in essay writing American University Washington a Boulder Colorado middle school in which students summarize texts on sources of energy. Preliminary results indicate that two-thirds of the students were able to critical abilities, improve their summaries based on the IEA's feedback. In both the undergraduate and middle school trials, students and teachers have enjoyed and valued using the high essay writing American Washington, system. A survey of usability and preferences for/against the system in write the psycholinguistics course showed that 98 percent of the students indicated that they would definitely or probably use such a system if it were available for their other classes. Overall, the results show that the IEA is school writing American Washington successful at helping students improve the quality of becoming a critical thinker Caterham, their essays through providing immediate and high school writing Washington, accurate feedback. Implications of computer-based essay grading for education. There exist a variety of applications within education to which the IEA can be applied. At a minimal level, the IEA can be used as a consistency checker, in which the teacher grades the essays and persuasive Brooke College, then the IEA re-grades the essays and indicates discrepancies between the two grades. Because the IEA is not influenced by fatigue, deadlines, or biases, it can provide a consistent and objective view of the school essay, quality of the essays.
The IEA can further be used in large scale standardized testing or large classes, by writing Kendall College either providing consistency checks or serving as an automatic grader. At a more interactive level, the IEA can be used to help students improve their writing through assessing commenting on essay writing American University it. By providing instantaneous feedback about the quality of their essays, as well as indications of information missing from their essays, students can use the IEA as a tool to practice writing content-based essays. Due to a lack of sufficient teachers and grade 7 essay School, aides in American many large section courses, writing assignments and essay exams have often been replaced by multiple choice questions. The IEA permits students to receive writing practice without requiring all essays to be evaluated by the teachers. Because the IEA's evaluations are immediate, students can receive feedback and make multiple revisions over 7 essay, the course of one session. This overall approach is consistent with the goals of the Writing across the Curriculum approach by allowing the introduction of American University Washington, more writing assignments in courses outside of English or the humanities. 7 Essay Writing Bromsgrove School! Thus, the IEA can serve to improve learning through writing. Finally, the IEA can be integrated with other software tools for education. In most software for high school essay American Washington, distance education, tools for administering writing assignments are often neglected in favor of tools for creating and grading multiple choice exams. The IEA permits writing to be a more central focus.
For example, in 7 essay web-based training systems, the IEA can be incorporated as an additional module which would permit teachers to add writing assignments for writing University Washington, their web courses. Essays can be evaluated on a secure server and scores can be returned directly either to the students or to the teachers along with the essays. Textbook supplements can similarly use the IEA for automated study guides. At the end of chapters, students can be asked to write essay questions addressing topics covered in the chapter. Critical Seneca College! Based on an analysis of their essays, the software can suggest sections of the textbook that the students needs to review before they take their exams. The Intelligent Essay Assessor presents a novel technique for assessing the quality of writing American University, content knowledge expressed in essays. It permits the automatic scoring of short essays that would be used in any kind of a critical thinker, content-based courses.
Based on evaluations of the IEA over a wide range of essay topics and levels, the IEA proves as reliable at evaluating essay quality as human graders. Its scores are also highly consistent and objective. While the IEA is high school writing not designed for assessing creative writing, it can detect whether an essay is sufficiently different that it should be graded by the instructor. The IEA can be applied for both distance education and for training in the classroom. In both cases it may be used for assessing students content knowledge as well as providing feedback to students to help improve their learning. Overall, the IEA permits increasing the thinker, amount of writing assignments without overly increasing the grading load on the teacher. Because writing is a critical component towards helping students acquire both better content knowledge and better critical thinking skills, the IEA can serve as an effective tool for increasing students' exposure to writing. The web site http://lsa.colorado.edu provides demonstrations of the essay grading as well as additional applications of LSA.
In addition, it provides links to many of the articles cited. This research was supported in part by a contract from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency-Computer Aided Education and Training Initiative to Thomas Landauer and Walter Kintsch, a grant from the McDonnell Foundation#146;s Cognitive Science in Educational Practice program to high school writing University, W. Kintsch, T. Landauer, G. Fischer, and writing analysis Kendall College, an NMSU Dean's small grant to school essay writing University Washington, Peter Foltz. The Intelligent Essay Assessor has a patent pending: Methods for writing, Analysis and American, Evaluation of the School, Semantic Content of Writing by P. W. Foltz, D. Laham, T. High Essay Washington! K. Landauer, W. Writing A Visual College! Kintsch B. Rehder, held by the University of Colorado. Deerwester, S., Dumais, S. T., Furnas, G. W., Landauer, T. K., Harshman, R. (1990). Indexing By Latent Semantic Analysis. Journal of the high writing University Washington, American Society For Information Science, 41 , 391-407. Foltz, P. W. (1996) Latent Semantic Analysis for text-based research. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments and Computers. 28 (2), 197-202. Foltz, P. Critical Abilities! W., Britt, M. A., Perfetti, C. A. High American! (1996) Reasoning from multiple texts: An automatic analysis of readers' situation models. In G.W.
Cottrell (Ed.) Proceedings of the critical abilities, 18th Annual Cognitive Science Conference. School Essay Writing American University Washington! (pp. 110-115), Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Laham, D. (1997). Automated holistic scoring of the quality of content in directed student essays through Latent Semantic Analysis. Unpublished master#146;s thesis, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado. Landauer, T. 7 Essay Writing! K., Dumais, S. T. (1997). School American University Washington! A solution to Plato's problem: The Latent Semantic Analysis theory of the do coursework Downside School, acquisition, induction, and representation of knowledge. Psychological Review , 104 , 211-240.
Landauer, T. K., Foltz, P. W., Laham, D. American University! (1998). Latent Semantic Analysis passes the test: knowledge representation and multiple-choice testing . A Visual Essay College! Manuscript in preparation. Landauer, T. K, Foltz, P. W. Laham, D. (1998) An introduction to Latent Semantic Analysis. Discourse Processes , 25 , 23, 259-284. Landauer, T. K., Laham, D., Rehder, B., Schreiner, M. E., (1997). How well can passage meaning be derived without using word order? A comparison of Latent Semantic Analysis and humans.
In M. G. Shafto P. Langley (Eds.), Proceedings of the 19th annual meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. High Essay! 412-417). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Page, E. B. A Critical Thinker Caterham School! (1994). Computer grading of writing American Washington, student prose using modern concepts and software. Journal of Experimental Education, 62 127-142. Rehder, B., Schreiner, M. E., Wolfe, B. W., Laham, D., Landauer, T. K., Kintsch, W. (in press).
Using Latent Semantic Analysis to assess knowledge: Some technical considerations. Discourse Processes . Wolfe, M., B. Essays College! Schreiner, M. E., Rehder, B., Laham, D., Foltz, P. W., Kintsch, W. Landauer, T. K (1998). Learning from text: Matching readers and texts by Latent Semantic Analysis. Discourse Processes, 25 , 23, 309-336.
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The close of one chapter and the beginning of a new one… Here goes my fourth and final blog assignment for my Case Studies and Issues in PR course! And the question is… “As your studies in PR come to a close, what aspect of Public Relations interested you the essay writing American Washington, most? How do you think your career will be informed by your new knowledge of Public Relations?” The aspect of Public Relations that I find most interesting is just how much power PR professionals hold.
I mean from a critical thinker, what we’ve learnt over the course of high writing American a year, it’s apparent that PR has a footing everywhere. PR professionals are responsible for crafting the messages that are delivered to the public and the media on behalf of interesting essays College businesses and public figures, they are the ones who figure out how best to high school essay writing Washington convey messages to the public using a variety of innovative and 4 me Irvine, creative strategies and they are also the high University Washington, ones who work tirelessly to try and protect an thinker Caterham School, organization’s reputation when crises occur. PR plays such a critical role in developing and school essay writing, maintaining a successful business, which is why I believe PR to be such a powerful profession. University Of California, (UCI)? Before taking this program, I really had no idea about essay University Washington how much really goes into PR and how much PR professionals actually do. Even though we’ve learnt that PR can make or break a business and writing analysis Kendall College, can be very stressful at times, I’ve become more and high school University Washington, more interested in this profession as the 7 essay Bromsgrove, months have gone on. I feel as though the skills I’ve learnt through this program have prepared me for an exciting and high essay American, rewarding career in how to School PR. Photo Cred: rumpuspr.com. Everything I’ve learnt in this program has informed my knowledge of PR because I didn’t know much about the profession beforehand other than it dealt with communications. I don’t think I can pinpoint just one way in which my knowledge of PR has expanded throughout this program because every single course I’ve taken and instructor I’ve had, has profoundly impacted the high, way I see PR and marketing. I’ve not only learnt about the 7 essay writing Bromsgrove School, various components that go into PR and marketing but I’ve learnt how to high school American Washington execute and develop them. For instance, in the last year I’ve crafted press releases, marketing plans, PR strategies, pitches, radio ads and so many other communication and 7 essay Bromsgrove School, marketing based materials.
Therefore, I’m confident that everything I’ve learnt in high essay writing American Washington this program, from the PR skills to the marketing skills, will help me in the future and in my career as a PR professional. I feel as though I’m much more prepared now for the working world than I was 12 months ago and I owe that to the amazing instructors who’ve challenged me and to the incredible classmates whose friendship and critical abilities Seneca, encouragement have made me a stronger person. I end this blog, the last one of my post secondary career, with one of high American my favorite quotes, which just so happens to grade 7 essay writing Bromsgrove School also be a very important piece of advice for an aspiring PR professional like myself… “Words are, in my sot-so-humble opinion, our most inexhaustible source of magic. Capable of both inflicting injury, and remedying it.” – Albus Dumbledore. – J.K Rowling, Harry Potter and high essay Washington, The Deathly Hallows. The following is Downside School a screenshot of essay writing University a comment I left on a classmate’s blog post. Zimmer vs. Men’s Wearhouse – Lesson Learnt. For my third blog post, I’ve been asked to reflect on what I’ve learnt so far in my Case Studies Issues in Downside PR class.
Specifically, I’ve been asked to filter back through all the case studies we’ve encountered so far and select the one that I’ve found most interesting and educational from a PR standpoint. So to start, here is the essay American Washington, actual question I’ve been asked to answer: “From the cases we’ve discussed in class so far, which case has most captured your interest, and why? From a PR perspective, what did you learn from this case?” Perhaps it’s because this was one of the very first case studies we looked at as a class but the Men’s Wearhouse case has left a lasting impression. I found this case particularly interesting because it shows what not to do as a company as well as what happens when a company and persuasive essays, its founder go their separate ways in a less than amicable fashion.
For example, I found it really interesting that a company, which has been around for approximately 40 years, could respond and manage their PR so poorly. I feel like if you’re working PR for a company, maintaining a positive brand image and responding in school writing Washington a timely and appropriate manner to the media/public is of the utmost importance. Men’s Wearhouse did a terrible job of responding to Zimmer’s statements and the media’s/public’s inquiries regarding the founder’s dismissal. Men’s Wearhouse went about the 7 essay School, whole Zimmer situation wrong and the company suffered for it in terms of its brand image and high school essay writing, sales. Therefore, this specific case is interesting in that it shows everything you shouldn’t do if you’re working in PR for a company caught in a sticky situation, such as when a company decides to fire its beloved founder. Photo Cred: dailyfinance.com. From a PR perspective this case study really exemplifies the importance of: Timing Being prepared and write University of California, Irvine (UCI), reactive Giving quality customer service Communicating with employees/staff. For example, Men’s Wearhouse released a very short and vague statement regarding Zimmer’s dismissal and then the company disappeared for six whole days. During these six days, the company chose not to respond to anything – not to Zimmer’s statement regarding his dismissal, not to the media’s inquiries and not to the myriad of comments that were posted on high school American Washington social media. This silence did not bode well for the company and made the company appear unprepared, unorganized and unprofessional.
Overall, the company’s failure to grade writing Bromsgrove School respond in school writing American University a timely manner to Zimmer’s statements and to the public’s inquiries really hindered Men’s Wearhouse’s image. In addition, the company failed to properly communicate their decision to fire Zimmer with their employees. Men’s Wearhouse employees were largely left in the dark alongside the public, which couldn’t have done wonders for a visual analysis, employee morale or loyalty. All in all, this case really emphasizes the importance of looking at the big picture and making sure that, as a PR professional, you consider all stakeholders and school essay University Washington, communicate effectively. The following is a screenshot of a comment I left on a classmate’s blog post. This blog post consists of interesting essays Brooke House College my responses to three questions, which were posed in my Case Studies and Issues in PR course. 1. What has made you change your opinion of a public figure, organization or brand? When I first read this question, I immediately thought of essay writing University Lance Armstrong. Now I’m not, by any stretch of the imagination, a Tour de France nut and I can’t say that I’ve exactly followed Armstrong’s rise to fame but I can tell you that whenever I’d hear his name or see his picture flash across the television screen, one word always came to mind – inspirational. I mean the guy beat cancer, he founded the LIVE STRONG foundation, he was a competitive athlete, he won countless Tour de France titles and his best friend was/is Matthew McConaughey – clearly the becoming a critical School, man was an high school essay University Washington, inspiration.
All joking aside though, Armstrong really has persevered through some very difficult obstacles in his life. Becoming School? He certainly was a role model to many people. However, in early 2013 it was revealed that Armstrong’s athletic success had largely been a sham. Photo Cred: Josh Galt – facelevel.com. Now Armstrong had been accused of taking performance enhancing drugs for American, years but vehemently denied it. Critical Abilities? However, he revealed to Oprah Winfrey in school writing University Washington 2013 that he was in fact guilty of taking various types of Bromsgrove School performance enhancing drugs throughout his cycling career. Following this big reveal and the conclusion of an investigation, Armstrong’s Tour de France titles were taken away from him. There are many speculations and stories that exist around Armstrong’s avid use of performance enhancing drugs; however, there are two things in particular that have really tainted the school essay American, way I see Armstrong now. #1. He lied – Armstrong had so many opportunities to how to School come clean but he chose to continue to use drugs to enhance his athletic performance.
He won titles and accepted exorbitant amounts of money all under false pretenses. #2. He robbed other athletes – Armstrong overshadowed other cyclists who worked hard and fought fair. These two reasons are largely why my perception of Armstrong has changed. High School University? It is not to say that he has not done some really fantastic work for those battling cancer but now his scandal is what he is thinker most known for.
Sadly, now when I see the name Lance Armstrong, the one word that comes to mind is fraud. 2. What factors have influenced your decision to do or not do something? For this question, I have listed the primary factors that influenced my decision to high essay University enroll in PACE’s Public Relations Marketing Management Diploma Program. #1. Persuasion of a friend. My friend, Amy, and grade 7 essay writing Bromsgrove School, I heard about PACE and its PR program from essay American, a guy in one of our university courses. After getting some basic information from how to Downside, him about the program and PACE, Amy decided to look into the program further and, using her powers of persuasion, convinced me to do the same.
When we learnt about the PR program, we were both enrolled at the University of Winnipeg majoring in Rhetoric, Writing and Communications and we didn’t exactly feel prepared for the working world just yet. High Essay? I was actually looking at a Corporate Communications program out east when Amy started telling me more about PACE and this PR program. I finally started to look into Bromsgrove the program myself and I arranged a meeting with PACE’s program coordinator to find out high school essay writing Washington a bit more about what the program offered. #2. How To Do Coursework Downside? The benefits of the program. After doing a bit of high Washington research on my own and meeting with PACE’s program coordinator, I quickly discovered that this program offered much more than just a couple of diplomas and a certificate.
The program offered courses that were taught by industry professionals who had real life PR and marketing experience. These instructors would be focusing more on the hands on, practical skills related to PR and marketing as opposed to just teaching us the theoretical stuff. Therefore, the prospect of gaining valuable, hands on PR and marketing skills was really an influential factor for becoming a critical Caterham, me in enrolling in the PACE’s PR program. Some additional factors that influenced my decision to enroll into the program were that the high school essay writing American Washington, program was only becoming a critical thinker School 12 months and there was an internship component at the end of it. Another benefit of taking PACE’s PR program was that it allowed me to receive the remaining 6 credit hours of electives I needed to school writing University Washington graduate with my BA. #3. Close to home. As I mentioned earlier, I was looking into critical College a Corporate Communications program out east when I learnt about PACE. After looking at both the programs, I decided that if I went with PACE I wouldn’t have to uproot and move away from University, my family.
Also, the tuition cost of PACE was far less in comparison to the cost I would incur moving out east and enrolling in a program out there. Therefore, the fact that PACE was in Manitoba and was right across the abilities College, street from where I’d been going to university for the past 4 years was definitely an influential factor in my decision to high school enroll in abilities Seneca PACE’s PR program. 3. What has made you think differently about an issue? In my market research class, we had to pick a topic/issue that we were interested in and could conduct a survey on. The stepping stone to essay University completing our final assignment was to launch an online survey consisting of a variety of questions that would unveil the opinions and thoughts of others on the topic/issue we had chosen. Becoming? The issue I chose to school essay University investigate was the influence that MTV’s 16 Pregnant and do coursework Downside School, Teen Mom had on teen pregnancy. My hypothesis was that these two programs educated teens to an extent about the hardships and pitfalls of school writing Washington being a teen parent but, for the most part, I felt like these shows glamorized teen pregnancy by making celebrities out of the teen parents. Before launching my survey, I did research and analysis essay College, found many articles that both praised 16 Pregnant and Teen Mom for school, its educational merits and dismissed the two shows as simply encouraging teens to interesting persuasive essays Brooke have unprotected sex with the hope of becoming famous one day.
From my research, I created my online survey and asked women, between the ages of 15-30, to respond. I was pretty surprised that the opposite of my hypothesis seemed to high be proven based on essays the responses I collected. For example, based on the survey responses, it appeared as though the writing University, vast majority of people associated 16 Pregnant and Teen Mom with positively influencing teens to refrain from becoming teen parents. My results did indicate that the two programs are seen as somewhat glamorizing teen parenthood; however, the educational merits of the programs seemed to stand out more for my respondents. Also, in my research, I found a study that was conducted in my essay University of California, the United States that actually found a correlation between 16 Pregnant and Teen Mom and the decline of teen pregnancy in the states.
Therefore, based on my market research as well as various articles and studies, I now think differently about the issue regarding whether or not 16 Pregnant and Teen Mom are glamorizing teen pregnancy or if these two programs are actually sending an school essay writing University Washington, educational message to teens. Now, I think that these programs are doing largely what they intended to do and some of the proof lies in becoming a critical thinker Caterham the decline of teen pregnancy in high school essay writing the United States since the programs first aired. Photo Cred: jackdolgen.com. The following is a screenshot of a comment I left on one of my classmate’s blog posts regarding the grade 7 essay School, ‘pink slime’ controversy.