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Brown University Undergraduate College Application Essays. These Brown University college application essays were written by students accepted at Brown University. All of our sample college essays include the question prompt and the year written. Please use these sample admission essays responsibly. GradeSaver provides access to writing of London School, 843 study guide PDFs and quizzes, 6324 literature essays, 1745 sample college application essays, 259 lesson plans, and essay Brookes Lake ad-free surfing in this premium content, “Members Only” section of the site! Membership includes a 10% discount on all editing orders. College Application Essays accepted by Brown University. When life throws me a curve, I try to of London, find an equation for the best-fit line. Actually, life never really throws me a perfect curve, only a series of data that resembles one.

Most people are content by scientific writing connecting these random dots, forming a. Essay School! Challenges of the how to write College New Millennium Anonymous. City Freemen's! The advent of the year 2000 signifies a new world of hope and challenges for St. Louis School, our country and the planet. With developments in technology such as the Internet, the world is coming closer together than ever. It is vital for the survival of our. Essay City Of London Freemen's! A Simple Smile Merudh Vijay Patel. Merudh, get up, get up! It was four in the morning, and I was four years old. The heart-pounding sound of my dad's voice woke me out of research paper argumentative, a deep sleep. City Of London School! As I peeked through my bedroom door, I saw my father bolt out of our house with my mother in. An Epiphany on College Hill Merudh Vijay Patel.

As I stood in front of the fourteen-story Sciences Library, a crisp autumn wind blew across my face. I felt the biting cold rush across my cheeks as the write an illustrative Lake trees lining my path rustled in the gust. I reflected on the campus scene around me and I had. Barefooted Bliss Michela A Fitten. At Brown, the Carrie Tower chimes, class beckons, and I walk in barefoot. Barefoot like my abuela, who at the age of essay City of London School, seventeen chased down the thief who snatched her purse. Armed with only indignation and pride, her feet pounded the soft earth of. As I watched my first black and white print slowly emerge from nothingness, the methodical ticking of the timer behind me, I smiled as a wave of excitement passed through me. Without thinking, I began to dance to the rhythm of the clock. From the. I love crap.

I love bad novels and cheap clothes. I love dirty shoelaces and melted candles, junk earrings and instant coffee. It's about finding the beauty in everything. I find it in palms and The University of Sheffield tea leaves. I sense Pablo Neruda's sonnets in my. Imported Culture Michelle Salman. Of London Freemen's School! “Lower your lids!” Gilad, my drama instructor, paced back and forth on the stage, arms folded over how to write in an essay International School his belly, Israeli impatience rising in his voice. His eyes narrowed, scanned me through bushy slits, and he barked new commands.

Safeguarding Memories Rachael Ji Yoon Kim. Leaping over crooked crevices in the sidewalk, my childhood self hopped a few yards ahead of my grandfather. As I paused to scrutinize a colorful candy wrapper, the smell of melting sugar drifted from a small blue cart where an old woman flipped. Writing Essay City Of London Freemen's! Creative Writing Rachael Ji Yoon Kim. As a young aficionado of scientific essay, poetry and prose, I would love more than anything to develop my skills through a disciplined and writing distinguished writing program, and Brown offers just that. Believing that one must be a great reader before becoming a great. Ode to research paper argumentative The University, a Dictionary (with acknowledgment to Pablo Neruda) Anonymous. Ode to writing of London Freemen's, a Dictionary (with acknowledgment to Pablo Neruda) You were a gift of language, given to me by how to Lake my father eight years ago. An Argument Essay City Freemen's! My dad was traveling to Oxford that year to attend a lecture and asked if I wanted a present. Book-lover that I was, I. “Do you see now?” The voice rang in an illustrative Rosseau Lake my ears as I shook my head for the umpteenth time.

My eyes were tightly shut, trying to hold back the tears of writing of London, anger and frustration. When I opened them again, the world looked to me as it always did; only now. Eyes fixed upon the image in front of peer St. Louis, her, brows slightly furrowed, the girl appeared to be lost in thought. While the others walked on after stopping briefly before the of London School piece, she stood there with her feet glued to the spot. Research The University! I watched the girl. What a familiar sight, I thought to writing Freemen's, myself as I subconsciously stopped to stare through the display window. A couple of mannequins were dressed in half-finished garments, surrounded by write a quote School waves of colourful fabrics cascading down the table. Pools of. “Mom, I want to take the SAT.” My mom lifted her eyes off the newspaper and looked at me suspiciously. Writing An Argument Essay City Freemen's! “What on earth is the scientific SAT?” I went on to explain it to her as she stared at me with increasing incredulity, as if I were no longer her daughter. I have sworn on my biology textbook instead of the City of London Freemen's School Bible since my sophomore year because I have an obsession with truth.

After reading The Sound and the Fury a month ago I thought that I had the truth of mankind in terms of the. I consistently bite off more than I think that I can chew, but end up loving what I’ve digested. To feed my intellectual appetite I wish to go to a college with endless options and opportunities, and Brown is that college. With Brown’s. The Race Henry Fowlkes Weatherly Jr. Sweat, soiled by write dust and tears, seeped down my body as I thrust myself forward.

With every breath, my lungs collapsed on themselves. While oxygen poured in writing an argument of London Freemen's School through my gaping mouth, I still craved more air. Foot after foot, I trampled down the. “Do children in how to an illustrative essay Rosseau College China also think that if they dig a hole in the ground, it can go all the essay School way to America?” I could not help smiling when a little girl asked me this question during my first presentation. I was startled by essay the fact that people in. Three months into writing an argument essay Freemen's School, my exchange year in Germany, my friend called me, a little dejected. She wanted to go downtown, and it was clear why. There was still something incredibly rousing, mysterious, and exciting about the European city that had. When I was eleven, I lived in a trailer park full of review School, kids.

I preferred reading and writing to playing with them, so pretty often, when they knocked on the door, I would pretend I was doing chores. Then I would resume reading Harry Potter and. Freemen's! The World Through Milton#39;s Eyes Anonymous. We read Paradise Lost my sophomore year, and ever since then English class has seemed little better than a waste of time. No school-assigned book has been able to compare: Paradise Lost is the only book I’ve ever read that I can honestly say. How To Write Leighton Park! “I wanna go home!” I say as I sit on City School the kitchen floor watching my mother cook. “What do you mean?” she asks, giving me a questioning look. “Ethiopia?” Home. For most people, the Rosseau Lake College word can be easily defined as the place where they grew. “Dinner is ready!” Every Sunday a member of our family takes a turn choosing what we’re having for dinner, and today was my turn. My mother had prepared all of my favorite food, from foie gras to sea urchin sushi to satay. City School! As we began eating, my.

Recent Questions about Brown University. The Question and Answer section for how to an informational article Leighton Park School, Brown University is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and writing an argument of London Freemen's School discuss the essay du Leman novel. I think it is a shawl, or something like it, they get to cover their naked bodies. Riva#39;s is too big and Rifkele#39;s is too small.Rifkele says something like the Nazis had not turned them into an argument City of London School, animals yet. The quote is, The living crawl out. The dead are pulled out. Your Essay! I#39;m pretty sure she tells Riva the head shaving is to keep the lice out. I suppose she has a point.

These camps were dirty and all kinds of horrid things were passed on in such close quarters. I also think the essay School whole head shaving thing was to.

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OPEC – The Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries Essay Sample. The Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries has merely become the most popular name related to an argument School, oil, overnight. Today the countries are thoroughly dependent on its operations, and without OPEC, it can be a nightmare for all of them. OPEC has got a sheer power to essay College, operate the writing an argument essay City of London Freemen's School, governments of various countries. Regardless of the write Lake College, fact that there have been all sorts of writing an argument Freemen's, ups and downs in oil production, OPEC still has got a firm control on the oil supply of the free world. The weaker nations are all lucky to scientific writing College du Leman, have a support of OPEC as well as stronger, the weaker nations get the support from the stronger ones all because of an essay City of London Freemen's operating body like OPEC. OPEC has found its geopolitical strength and has realised its power suddenly and write an informational article Leighton has become an important force playing an important part in writing of London School, regions like Asia and Africa. It has brought the huge multinational oil companies under control who could have done so many wrong acts otherwise, but now they all are on their knees, OPEC has made them merely impotent in the decision-making process, which is a good sign as there aim of profitability can disturb many other economies. It has forced the Western nations to have its favour on numerous occasions.

There is a growing recognition in the Western world that the industrialised countries cannot solve the problems of chronic inflation and economic stagnation permanently unless they force OPEC to abandon its stand of raising oil prices ever higher and disrupt supplies to the oil consuming nations, but imagine what they could have done if OPEC was not there. The dependence on OPEC increased considerably in write an illustrative Rosseau, the United States during the last decade and a half. According to a study by the Federal Energy Administration (FEA), U.S. Writing Essay School? oil imports raised 150 percent between 1968 and 1973, from about 2.5 million barrels a day in we write Brookes Shawnigan Lake, 1968 to 6.3 mb/d in 1973. Imports from the Arab oil producing countries were raised to 31.9 percent in 1976 from a negligible 2 percent of total U.S. oil imports in 1970. On the an argument essay, whole, the research, reliance of the United States on foreign oil had increased disturbingly. In 1970, the United States depended on foreign oil for 23 percent of essay City of London School, its total oil consumption, which was quite clearly showing what could have happened in no oil situation.

In 1974, the figure was raised to 37 percent, and in how to an illustrative, 1976, oil imports were about 44 percent of writing an argument essay City of London Freemen's School, total U.S. consumption. In 1977, the oil imports reached the pinnacle at an average of 8.7 mb/d. That represented approximately 48 percent of the total domestic supply, which averaged 18.4 mb/d in that year. The FEA’s figures also showed that the consumption of oil in United States was raised by 3.7 percent in how to write Lake, 1976 as compared to 1975, with gasoline use advancing at 6.7 percent and distillate by 7.9 percent. At the writing essay City of London School, same time, the scientific essay writing College du Leman, domestic production during 1975 and 1976 had decreased from 8.24 mb/d of crude oil to 7.93 mb/d.

The nation’s refineries ran at 86 percent of essay City Freemen's, capacity in that period compared to 87.1 percent in 1975, which is a considerable difference in the short run. It has also been identified that the Arab nations and write a quote essay International School Nigeria were increasing their share of the U.S. market while the nation’s traditional suppliers such as, Venezuela and Canada were contributing a smaller share, fundamentally because of the high price of Canadian oil and the restricted output of writing essay of London Freemen's School, Venezuela. How To Write A Quote In An ACS Cobham? It was for the first time in writing, 1976 that Saudi Arabia had overtaken Venezuela as the United State’s chief overseas supplier of crude oil. On the other hand countries like Algeria and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) have all increased their shipments, while Canada is pointing out its shipments to the United States. The conditions took a big change during 1979-1981.

Suddenly, the oil crisis gave a rise to the oil surplus, it was perhaps due to your essay Brookes Shawnigan, the remarkable changes in the balance between demand and supply which is the base of economics and also famous for changing any country’s fate. The oil consumption in an argument essay City of London Freemen's School, the Western side of the world dropped more than 7 percent between 1979 and 1980, and peer review declined another 3 percent in 1981 that gave birth to so many questions. In the United States, it decreased by 5.8 percent during 1980 and writing City 1981. The country’s oil import in 1980 was on average 5.3 mb/d, a much smaller figure as compared to that of previous years. Oil consumption in the United States fell an estimated 5 percent in 1980 to its lowest level in four years. Where as the world consumption of petroleum products also fell to 2.38 billion tons, or about research paper The University, 18.33 billion barrels, while gasoline consumption in industrial nations decreased merely by an argument essay Freemen's School, 30 million tons to 52.3 million, or about 231 million barrels. Essay Brookes Lake? On the writing School, other hand the motor fuel consumption, accounting for nearly one third of total oil demand in writing College du Leman, industrial nations, also decreased by 5 percent in 1980, after a 2 percent fall in 1979. The reasons behind this great disturbance of oil consumption were of course, the higher price of crude oil and the collapsing conditions prevailing in the Western side of the world. The price of crude oil raised an average 74 percent in 1980, and in the first three months of 1981, it was 17 percent higher than the writing School, first three months of 1980.

The price rose from $13 per barrel in 1978 and 1979 to $34 per barrel in November 1981. Also, the economies of the Western world grew at just over 1 percent in 1980, as compared to a 3.3 percent growth in 1979, and this decline has been a major contributor to a lower demand. Paper The University? Within the same situation, the world output of crude oil also decreased in 1980 by 123 million tons, or nearly about 4 percent, because of a 12 percent reduction among OPEC members. OPEC production had almost declined by 1 mb/d, from 31.1 to 30.2 from 1973 to 1978. Meanwhile, the non-OPEC production raised by writing essay City School, nearly about 6 mb/d, from 27 million in 1973 to 32.8 million in 1978, which was showing the change in review paper St. Louis, roles. The output of the Communist trading area such as China, extended sharply by essay of London Freemen's, about 45 percent, and essay Brookes Lake the developing countries production rose by approximately 88 percent in 1980, according to an argument City Freemen's, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) annual report. As a consequence of each and every act, the demand for oil lessened considerably in the Western world mainly because of the downturn, preservation and essay Rosseau because of the higher oil prices, resulting in the surplus of excess oil supplies, which damaged the OPEC association vitally. “Thus the oil-consuming nations of the world are truly between Scylla and Charybdis.

If their economies recover, OPEC gets stronger. If their economies decline, OPEC weakens. Under present circumstances, it would mean that only a world depression would suffice to completely crack the OPEC bloc”(Ghosh 8: 1983). Oil Demand and Supply Situation in the United States, 1980-1981. So far we have discussed the background of OPEC, which is potentially showing you all the ups and downs of OPEC, particularly its operations in relation to the countries that are supporting its regime and also those because of which it has paid a heavy price for. From now and onwards we would be discussing its recent operations that would give you a hint of essay City of London Freemen's School, its effectiveness, which was even there way back in 1980s. As a modern organisation, OPEC is an organisation of oil producing governments that assist to manage oil supply and how to article Leighton School prices in order to maximise the revenues of the member states and promote stability in the oil market, it is playing a role which is no different than the role of WTO or any other organisation which is working for the equitable distribution of wealth. There are ten producer governments that have made OPEC, most of them are being operated in an argument essay School, the Middle East, they are economies that are highly dependent on oil revenues, they are also having quotas but Iraq, which is the eleventh member, currently is peer review paper St. Louis, having no quota because it is trying to writing essay of London School, re-establish its former oil production after the Iraq war in 2003.

OPEC is acting like a union as it is pursuing Iraq’s economic and how to write in an essay International political objectives. Writing An Argument? This all has at least given Iraq a hope, proving the effectiveness of OPEC in the modern world. The role played by OPEC and its importance can be visualised from the point that OPEC has about 75 percent of the world’s oil reserves and it is currently comprising of only about 35 percent of write Leighton Park, world oil production, which is not in comparison to the 60-65 percent it controlled at the time of the oil shocks in the 1970s. There goes a chance for non-OPEC producers, which are playing an important role, led by writing an argument essay Freemen's, Russia, whose production is growing day by day, and the United States, whose production is surprisingly turning down. OPEC has although got success in most phases in controlling the oil markets but it has also made mistakes, at scientific writing du Leman various occasions it has been facing challenges that are perhaps beyond its control, as in 2004. “This rise in forward prices was matched by increases in prices bid for high-quality equity units offering investors a return directly linked to an argument City of London School, oil prices. Share prices offered for the BP Prudhoe Bay Royalty Trust, a trust issued by British Petroleum for production from Prudhoe Bay in Alaska, rose from how to a quote essay ACS Cobham School $14 per share in May 2004 to Freemen's School, almost $40 per share. Your Brookes? The increase in writing an argument essay of London School, the BP share price corresponds to a change in investor expectations regarding the rate of increase in future oil prices”(Verleger 22, Vol 18: 2004). By the end of November 1997, at the failure of Jakarta meeting, the OPEC increased the oil production regardless of the oil issues in the Asian economies, which led to a decrease in demand in 1998 and a price collapse to US$10 per barrel.

The price fall down caused severe damage to the economies of oil producing countries. Peer Review St. Louis School? The union was able to regroup and cut production in March 1999 with the assistance of non-OPEC producers, which was a joint step to solve the situation, specifically Mexico, Russia, Norway, and Oman. Oil prices recovered and writing an argument essay of London Freemen's increased above US$30 per barrel by early 2000, determined partially by Asian recovery and low Organisation of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) oil stocks. OPEC exceeded its goal of restoring prices to the US$20 range. In the year 2000, the your Shawnigan, OPEC increased its output by merely four times in a try to reduce the writing an argument City of London Freemen's School, high oil prices that endangered to lessen the oil demand. In its Vienna meeting in March of year 2000, OPEC turned its 1999 decision, down and increased production, again got some assistance by the many of the non-OPEC producers.

It also announced a price band mechanism designed to keep oil prices in a target range of US$22 to US$28 per write an illustrative essay Rosseau Lake College, barrel for writing City of London Freemen's School, the OPEC basket of crudes, in relation to its goal of maintaining it with in an informational article Park, the range of US$20. “The OPEC basket is a weighted average of Saudi light and an argument essay City of London Freemen's six other OPEC crude oils. It includes an automatic production adjustment mechanism that is implemented if the price goes above or below the band, though the peer paper School, mechanism has not always been implemented. Other production increases followed in essay Freemen's, June, September, and October 2000, but oil prices remained stubbornly high, finally dropping at the year’s end”(Kohl 68, Vol 26: 2005). The settlement of the basket is useful in terms that the record of the OPEC basket price is a very good indicator of the OPEC’s success or failure in running the world oil market. The OPEC basket price tends to run about US$2 below the US benchmark oil price for West Texas Intermediate crude (WTI), which is the essay Brookes Shawnigan, price quoted on the New York Mercantile Exchange, which is writing essay of London Freemen's, showing a complete planning done by OPEC to overestimate the expenses and underestimate the outcome. Write An Illustrative Essay Rosseau? In the essay of London, year 2001, OPEC faced an economic collapse in the United States that gradually widened away in the world and reduced oil demand. Following several OPEC production ups and downs, the OPEC basket price initially remained in the US$20 range. However, the 9/11 attacks were followed by a decrease in air travel and a decline in the stock market that even extended the downturn. Eventually the write article School, oil demand chopped off, and oil prices sooner fell even below US$20 per barrel. In response to the situation, the essay of London, OPEC called an emergency meeting in late November and announced a production cut of 1.5 mb/d, in January 2002, on the condition that non-OPEC producers led by Russia would contribute an additional cut of 500,000 barrels per day.

The OPEC strategy was largely successful, which was another point proving their effectiveness in planning of the oil controlling market. Lets discuss the year 2002, with some more details. Right in the start of how to write article Leighton School, 2002, the OPEC was confronted by a global economic slowdown and a slump in oil demand. But OPEC was determined to avoid a further fall down of prices and restrained production. At the same point of time, political tensions also raised in writing an argument essay City of London School, the Middle East side with new Israeli attacks against the Palestinians and US threats against Iraq that was also determined to keep the practice alive, they continued their practice of interrupting oil exports. One of the good things which was supporting the OPEC was its quotas that were lowest since 1991, assisted in keeping the oil stocks as low as possible and also helped in bringing oil prices back into the US$20 to we write essay, US$25 range by spring 2003.

The OPEC’s basket prices were again within the writing essay City, price band settled earlier. In December 2002, OPEC again raised its production maximum to 23 mb/d to support it with real production. In discussion of the write an informational article Leighton Park, year 2003, a strike of Venezuelan oil production workers in the early 2003 removed most of that producer’s oil production and exports, which eventually resulted in a shortfall in writing an argument essay Freemen's, the market. At the same time, turbulence in Nigeria decreased that country’s production, as a result, at its January 2003 meeting, OPEC determined to write an informational, raise its production by 1.5 mb/d to 24.5 mb/. It was mainly to compensate the Venezuelan shortfall.

Later on in march, the WTI drove up the prices to writing an argument essay Freemen's, US$40 per research The University, barrel as a result of the war threat in Iraq. OPEC stood up and gave a hope by indicating that it would keep the oil market well supplied in writing an argument essay of London Freemen's School, crisis and the International Energy Agency (IEA) agreed to let OPEC challenge this before responding with any release of strategic oil supplies. When the war broke out in Iraq, the oil prices again declined to write a quote essay ACS Cobham School, US$30, as WTI was in expectation of a short war, which was not really a case. Writing An Argument Essay? OPEC tackled the situation of lost production in Iraq by increasing the production in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Algeria. Essay Rosseau College? By the end of April 2003, OPEC agreed to writing essay City of London, cut actual production by 2 mb/d to 25.4 mb/d on the hypothesis that there would be a seasonal fall in demand and Iraq would be slowly get settled into the market. Saudi oil Minister, Ali al-Naimi made a good effort to keep the price as close to US$25 per barrel as possible. Peer Review? Iraqi production began to slowly recover which OPEC earlier anticipated. Essay City Of London School? Now oil prices were at how to write an illustrative College the top of the price band. But then in writing an argument essay City Freemen's, August when the Iraq export pipeline was damaged and UN headquarters were bombed in Baghdad, the write an informational Park, oil prices were facing a pressure to get raised again. OPEC took a very surprising decision later on in September 2003, by deciding to cut production and return to writing an argument City of London Freemen's, the February plan of maximizing the production to 24.5 mb/d to how to an informational Park, obstruct stock build in the fourth quarter and maintain prices in the upper part of the price band.

OPEC took this decision under the hypothesis that the world economy was slowly improving and that Iraq’s production and exports were slowly expanding as discussed earlier. Naimi said that OPEC would not raise the price band despite a proposal from Venezuela to do so. Oil prices rose to between US$28 and US$29 per writing an argument essay, barrel in September and to between US$30 and US$32 per barrel by November. Both US President George W. Bush and IEA Executive Director Claude Mandil showed great disappointment at the September decision, as they perceived it harmful for the economic growth. In the last month of 2003, OPEC confirmed its September decision, keeping in scientific essay writing, mind the disorder in Iraq and the continuing weakness of the US dollar, which worsened OPEC purchasing power. Meanwhile, Iraq’s production reached 2.35 mb/d and the OPEC basket price had exceeded US$28, But OPEC, in response resisted this action, fearing that demand would be dropped by the second quarter of 2004. Lets now discuss the writing an argument City Freemen's School, year 2004, it was sooner that OPEC lost control of peer review St. Louis, oil prices in 2004, In the first three quarters of that year, the OPEC basket price remained above US$40 per barrel which was far above from US$28 per barrel, however it fell slightly below US$40 per barrel later on in September. There were so many reasons behind that, such as a largely unanticipated flow in oil demand spurred by high economic growth in China and the United States, low oil inventories, deepening violence and instability in Iraq, declining OPEC additional capacity, and blockage in the gasoline market. Freemen's School? OPEC, led by Saudi Arabia, began the year by misunderstanding the market when it announced its intention to decrease overproduction and stick to a 24.5 mb/d of maximum production.

Naimi confirmed his belief in a US$25 per barrel price for the OPEC basket, mentioning concern about falling demand and a large stock build in the second quarter, and was determined not to repeat the previous mistakes of write Rosseau Lake, 1997 to 1999. In March, WTI prices reached a high of between US$36 and writing essay City Freemen's US$38 per barrel and research of Sheffield the OPEC basket price ranged from between US$32 and US$33 per barrel was yet not according to the plan and willingness of many other associates. Sooner OPEC confirmed its earlier decision of an argument essay City of London Freemen's, cutting the output by 1 mb/d to 23.5 mb/d despite high oil prices. OPEC also tried to cut many of the supplies of peer review St. Louis School, market, however ministers insisted that the market was very well supplied with oil and thus OPEC should not allow any shortages in world oil markets, but they were all determined to keep inventories low and prices high. White House and an argument Freemen's School US Department of Energy officials criticised OPEC’s production cuts while prices were high. In the meantime, Venezuela, Nigeria, and Iran argued for the need to raise the Lake College, price band, causing disagreement within OPEC. In the face of growing oil demand and attacks on oil facilities in Iraq and Saudi Arabia, oil prices rose above US$40 per barrel in writing an argument City School, May, which was because of a side never perceived by OPEC. Naimi finally began calling for write a quote in an ACS Cobham, a production increase.

He got his wish at the June 3 meeting in Beirut when OPEC raised its production to a maximum by 2 mb/d to 25.5 mb/d from July 1, and by a further 500 kilo barrels per day from August 1. This was a negotiation between Saudi Arabia, which wanted an instant increase to 26 mb/d, and Iran, which would initially only writing an argument essay City of London Freemen's accept 25.5 mb/d. The measures were taken only to ensure ample supply and give a clear signal of OPEC’s commitment to Lake, market stability and to writing an argument Freemen's, maintaining prices at acceptable levels to both producers and how to write International School consumers, according to a June 7 OPEC statement. Actual OPEC output was reported as 26 mb/d in April increasing to about 27 mb/d in writing an argument essay City Freemen's, June, with Saudi Arabia increasing to 9.1 mb/d. As a result, remaining OPEC extra capacity was significantly reduced to about 1 mb/d in write essay International School, Saudi Arabia, then again conditions turned very tight in the summer of 2004, in July, the IEA enlarged its oil demand projection for the year by an additional 2.5 mb/d.

OPEC canceled its July meeting but proceeded with its planned August increase in supply of essay of London Freemen's School, 500,000 barrels to a maximum of how to write Lake College, 26 mb/d. Yet OPEC actions were insufficient to prevent further price increases. The WTI oil prices again moved above US$40 per barrel in an argument of London Freemen's School, July and hit record highs of US$44.73 on August 5 and US$48.75 on August 19, which again was an indication that OPEC’s planning was not implemented as decided. Another major factor for the outcome was the disturbance in Iraq, which heated up and spread to the oil rich southern regions with attacks on the South oil company pipelines. Your Essay Shawnigan? The U.S. oil inventories were still low compared with demand, refineries continued at peak production, and there was continuing concern about the essay City of London Freemen's School, small OPEC additional capacity to meet any supply disruption, which was originally about 1 to 1.5 mb/d. Saudi Arabia continued to your essay Brookes Shawnigan, secure the price band, but other countries, including Iran, Nigeria, and essay City of London School Venezuela, were satisfied with oil prices in the US$30 to US$40 range. OPEC facing continuing high prices was in a weaker position at its September 15 meeting. With additional capacity reduced to about 1 mb/d in Saudi Arabia, OPEC required to cure high prices by announcing an how to essay ACS Cobham increase in its production with a maximum from 26 to writing essay City, 27 mb/d in November. This was more a signal than an actual change because current production from the OPEC was already known to be 28 mb/d.

Regardless of interest by several members, a decision was delayed on whether to raise the price band or not, which by this point had become inappropriate. Naimi clearly opposed the raise, saying it should only be raised if there was a structural change in scientific College du Leman, the market. Saudi Arabia, now producing 9.5 mb/d, also announced just before the meeting that it would add 800,000 barrels per day of production capacity in two new fields by the end of September. Kuwait was also planning to writing an argument of London School, have an expansion. The WTI crude price decreased slightly after the meeting to US$43.58. The higher oil prices and expanded production has greatly benefited OPEC in the past two years through the oil export revenue. Research Paper The University? In June 2004, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) estimated OPEC’s net oil export revenues for 2004 at US$286 billion, up from essay City of London Freemen's School US$240 billion in 2003 and US$195 billion in 2002.

Certainly all these revenues have helped OPEC in we write Brookes Shawnigan, its recovery and curing from the price collapse of 1997 to 1999. An Argument Of London? However, OPEC has a very less per capita income for adjusting inflation and rapid population growth. It should be noted that many countries are greatly thankful from the scientific writing, period of lower oil prices from the mid 1980s to the late 1990s, and many OPEC countries are moving slowly on writing essay City School, required economic restructuring. Saudi Arabia which is OPEC’s largest oil producer and a leader in OPEC production decisions, will possibly earn US$100 billion from oil export revenues in 2004 based on average oil production of 8.7 mb/d, it is quite predictable as well since the earnings for 2003 were US$86 billion. Last year, Saudi Arabia experienced healthy gross domestic product growth and a government surplus, greatly improving the essay College, country’s economic situation.

However, Saudi Arabia’s 2003 surplus was only the second surplus in writing Freemen's School, the past 20 years, during which the paper argumentative The University of Sheffield, government had run deficits and an argument essay City of London Freemen's School trade imbalances. Total government debt has been nearly 100 percent of GDP, surpluses in how to a quote in an essay ACS Cobham School, 2003 and 2004 are likely to be used to increase foreign assets and pay off some government debt, which would stable the country’s situation more importantly. In Saudi Arabia, oil exports put in Freemen's School, over 90 percent of export earnings, 70 to scientific College du Leman, 80 percent of writing essay Freemen's, state revenues, and peer review School about 40 percent of GDP, which gives a hint of its heavy dependence on oil sector. Oil export revenues per capita were about US$3,683 in 2003, which in real terms are much lower than the per capita figure for 1980 at the high point of oil prices, which was only about US$22. Saudi Arabia continues to face serious economic challenges of fast population growth, which is writing an argument essay Freemen's School, about 3 percent per year, which is not a healthy sign and relating them to other economies, which are not doing well because of similar population growth, such as Pakistan. Also Saudi Arabia is having high unemployment, which is peer review paper St. Louis, about 15 to 20 percent. More recently, the threat of domestic terrorism has provided a new challenge and will require more government spending on security, which is again in relation to the increased transportation which than has a relation with the oil pricing. The large financial needs of the state have been estimated to writing City of London, require a stable oil price of US$30 per barrel, which helps explain recent Saudi unwillingness and disagreement at research argumentative OPEC meetings to press for lower oil prices. Other OPEC members face similar challenges with even larger populations and immense financial needs. The only exceptions are Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates, which have small populations and large GDP per capita.

The Stock traders in New York, London, and Singapore, which are all aware of both economic fundamentals and geopolitical risks, ultimately have set the an argument City, price of oil. In recent months the risk premium on the oil price may have grown to US$10 to US$15 per how to write an informational Park School, barrel. However the OPEC actions to essay of London Freemen's School, increase production have not been sufficient to reduce the upward price acceleration, which if left free, will slow economic growth and lessen the future oil demand. OPEC continues to be in a weak position by the fact that as a group of independent countries, it has no enforcement method. Therefore, exceeding quotas is paper of Sheffield, a continuous problem, which weakens its efforts to manage the market. The financial needs of Saudi Arabia and other OPEC countries appear to require oil prices well above the price band as discussed earlier in relation to the population growth and unemployment, still the members have delayed making a decision about whether to City Freemen's School, admit this or not and this delay has damaged OPEC’s market standing. It is difficult to trust Saudi statements that they would be happy with an oil price at US$25 per barrel for the OPEC basket when they clearly are not trying to achieve this and their financial needs are demanding a much higher price. Lake College? OPEC can certainly not control unexpected shifts in of London, demand or geopolitical risks. How To Write Essay Rosseau Lake College? The oil market is difficult to manage and writing essay City of London would remain this way as OPEC has limited tools and also at times inadequate information to take decisions. Ford N, “ The Middle East: Keeping OPEC Together ”, (n.p.), Issue 339: November 2003. Ghosh A, “ The Petroleum Industry and United States Energy Policy ”, West Port, CT, Quorum Books: 1983.

Kohl W.L, “ Harvard International Review: The Perfect Storm ”, Vol 26, Issue 4: 2005. Siddiqi M.A, “ The Middle East: OPEC Maintains Firm Resolve ”, (n.p.): May 2001. Verleger P.K, “ The International Economy: Why Oil Could Go to $60 ”, Vol 18, Issue 4: 2004. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order OPEC – The Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for OPEC – The Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries. Definition of ‘Organization Of Petroleum Exporting Countries – OPEC’ An organization consisting of the world’s major oil-exporting nations.

The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) was founded in 1960 to… Gasoline and Other Petroleum Products: A Political Commodity. Significance of in an ACS Cobham, Gasoline and City of London Other Petroleum Products Gasoline and other petroleum products of even nature are indispensable to any country’s economy. This is so primarily due to the fact that… Why Oil Prices Keep Falling. Base on the world economic review and studies shows that there are basic reasons why oil prices in global aspect keep on falling. Less Demand, More Oil. St. Louis School? The oil price… Oil Dependency in the World Today. The growing economy of City School, a country has a direct impact to the increased consumption of energy and oil in particular. The condition immediately raises demands and will influence the write essay Lake College, price…

What is the structure of the world oil market? The oil industry is a large and fast depleting industry. The main market oil producing countries and organizations such as Opec and Opec+, and a few other non-Opec countries indicate… Introduction: There are several market structures in different economies… the kind of structure will influence the organization behavior on how they generate profit. An Argument Essay? Output and pricing decisions are interdependent except…

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The Marketing of Michael Vick Essay Sample. Michael Dwayne Vick was born on June 26, 1980, in Newport News, a town near Norfolk, Virginia. A port town, Newport News had fallen on hard times during Vick’s childhood, and Vick’s personal experience was full of City of London School, hardship. Vick’s mother, Brenda, was only research The University of Sheffield 16 when he was born, and his father, Michael Boddie, was 17. The two had already had a daughter before Michael Vick, and would have another two children before marrying in 1985.

Michael and his siblings saw little of writing an argument essay City of London Freemen's School, their father, who was in the army and later worked long hours in the shipyards” (Why did fallen hero Vick go to jail early – Yahoo! News URL: Michael’s mother worked at Kmart and drove a school bus while she raised her children. First-round draft pick Michael Vick is an explosive player who, after only research paper argumentative one second-string season in the NFL and at the age of 22, began leading the Falcons on the front line and striking fear in the hearts of defensemen. He also went to writing an argument essay of London Freemen's the Pro Bowl that season and achieved career highs in pass completions (231) and write a quote in an essay ACS Cobham yards (2,936). Michael Vick is known as a repeat Pro Bowler and for being a wild and reckless quarterback. He’s also known for signing one of the largest contracts ($130 million plus a $37 million signing bonus for 10 years) in sports history, surpassing Peyton Manning and Donovan McNabb’s lucrative earnings. And he’s known as the alleged herpes-spreading Ron Mexico, for giving an obscene gesture to fans after losing a game to the Saints in 2006, and, perhaps most damaging, for allegedly owning and operating Bad Newz Kennels — a dog-fighting organization. Growing up poor in a tough neighborhood in Newport News, Virginia, Michael Vick stayed out of trouble thanks to football. A childhood love of the game led to serious dedication to the sport once he began high school, and soon a great talent began to emerge.

An impressive high school career made him a target for the scout of writing an argument essay of London Freemen's, every college in the country. In only two years of college ball, Vick won an write a quote in an essay School ESPY and Archie Griffin Award, and was one of only three freshmen ever to finish as high as third in the polling for the Heisman Trophy and the only City of London Freemen's freshman invited to the Heisman ceremony. The industrious Vick was picked up by the Atlanta Falcons as their top draft pick. ((Deborah Charles 2007) 1) How much did Michael Vick’s sponsors lose both directly, from merchandise bearing his name for example, and indirectly when the he was charged and plead guilty. As a result of the widespread publicity of peer School, Michael Vick’s court case of dogfighting and the details of alleged brutality in executing dogs that are not considered vicious enough or aggressive enough by shooting, electrocution, hanging, or drowning them, many companies that were Vick’s sponsors suspended or terminated his endorsements with them, and withdrew items that had to do with Michael Vick from sale. Upon pleading guilty in the federal court in Richmond, Nike announced that was terminating Michael Vick’s contract, which it had earlier suspended. 2) Current legal situation.

It has been reported that Michael Vick has fired one of the attorneys representing him in writing School, his dogfighting case. Peer. Daniel R. Meachum of Atlanta will no longer represent Vick, the writing an argument essay City School, former Atlanta Falcons quarterback who pleaded guilty to a federal dogfighting conspiracy charge. Court documents show Vick sent a letter Oct. How To An Informational Article Leighton Park. 26 cutting ties with Meachum. Vick’s defense team includes Virginia Beach lawyers Larry Woodward and “Thomas Shuttleworth, and Washington, D.C., attorney Billy Martin. Vick is due to be sentenced Dec. An Argument City Of London Freemen's. 10. A trial date will be set Nov. Scientific Writing Du Leman. 27 for an argument City of London School local charges of dogfighting and cruelty to animals in Surry County.” ( Disgraced U.S. football star Michael Vick’s decision to go to jail three weeks early was unusual but likely done to how to an illustrative Rosseau Lake College show goodwill and get a jump-start on a long prison term, legal experts said on Tuesday. Vick, the former Atlanta Falcons quarterback who has pleaded guilty for his role in an illegal dogfighting enterprise, made the unexpected move and surrendered to federal officials on Monday.

He will not be formally sentenced until Dec. 10. “It’s not usually done,” said Daniel Richman, a professor at Columbia Law School. “There might be some benefit for essay Freemen's School him — his sentence will be served slightly sooner than later.” Robert Weisberg, director of how to write Leighton, Stanford University’s Criminal Justice Center, agreed and said that the sooner Vick finishes his jail time, the sooner he might be eligible to play football again. “He’ll get back into essay of London Freemen's School, the game a little sooner and maybe the gesture will impress the teams that will consider taking a chance on him,” Weisberg said. “Maybe he thinks that it might have some impact on how to an illustrative essay Rosseau College the judge,” said Carl Tobias, law professor at University of Richmond. Vick, who has been suspended indefinitely without pay by writing an argument City, the National Football League, may still be able to play when he gets out, if any team wants him. Vick, who had been one of the NFL’s marquee players, pleaded guilty in August to charges that he took part in scientific essay writing, an illegal dogfighting enterprise known as Bad Newz Kennels at his home in of London Freemen's, Surry County, Virginia. After appearing in court in review paper St. Louis, August, Vick, 27, apologized for his involvement in the dogfighting scheme. His lawyer repeated that apology on an argument essay City of London Freemen's School Monday after Vick surrendered to U.S. marshals in Virginia and was taken to a jail in Warsaw, Virginia.

Vick’s indictment in July shocked U.S. An Illustrative Essay Rosseau. sports fans because it was a spectacular fall from grace and because dogfighting, in which people bet on pit bulls and writing an argument City Freemen's other aggressive dogs, is we write essay Shawnigan, widely reviled for its cruelty. Vick initially pleaded innocent but then admitted his guilt after reaching an agreement with prosecutors. He faces a maximum sentence of five years but prosecutors have requested a 12- to 18-month prison term. Vick will be sentenced by writing an argument City of London Freemen's, U.S. District Judge Henry Hudson, who has a reputation of being tough and has warned Vick that he was not bound by how to write a quote in an ACS Cobham School, prosecutors’ recommendations. “There’s an audience that goes beyond a judge,” Richman said. (Deborah Charles 2007) 3) Who were Vicks sponsors and an argument essay City of London Freemen's School how much were they paying him to endorse their products?

Nike suspended its lucrative contract with Michael Vick on your essay Friday, while Reebok took the unprecedented step of stopping sales of his No. 7 jersey. Michael Vick pleaded not guilty Thursday in writing City of London, a Richmond, Va., court to charges of how to an informational Park, illegal dogfighting. (Marc Serota/Getty Images) Facing protests from animal-rights groups, Nike announced it was suspending Vick’s endorsement deal without pay, as well as halting sales of Vick-related shoes and other products at its retail stores. “Nike is essay of London, concerned by the serious and highly disturbing allegations made against Michael Vick, and scientific du Leman we consider any cruelty to writing of London School animals inhumane and abhorrent,” Nike spokesman Dean Stoyer said in a statement. Reebok, the official uniform supplier of the NFL, said it would stop selling Vick’s replica jersey at retail stores and write in an ACS Cobham through its website. Since Vick has not been convicted of any crime, Nike left open the door to an argument City of London resume its business relationship with the scientific writing College du Leman, star player if he’s acquitted. The company already had decided to writing an argument of London School suspend release of his fifth signature shoe, the Air Zoom Vick V. How To Write An Informational Article School. “We do believe that Michael Vick should be afforded the same due process as any citizen in writing an argument essay, the United States,” the Nike statement said. “Therefore, we have not terminated our relationship.” Vick signed with Nike in 2001, the same year Atlanta chose him as the how to write Park School, NFL’s No. 1 overall draft pick.

He led the Falcons to the NFC championship game during the 2004 season and last year became the first quarterback in league history to rush for 1,000 yards. Vick is writing an argument essay City Freemen's, barred from the Falcons’ training camp while the league investigates his actions for possible violations of its new personal conduct policy. He is set for trial Nov. 26 and faces up to essay Brookes Shawnigan Lake five years in prison. The case began April 25 when investigators conducting a drug search at a massive home Vick built in rural Virginia found 66 dogs, including 55 pit bulls, and writing City School equipment typically used in dogfighting.

They included a “rape stand” that holds aggressive dogs in place for mating and a “breakstick” used to pry open a dog’s mouth. PETA — People for how to essay Lake the Ethical Treatment of Animals — called off its planned protest at a dozen Niketown stores across the country next week. “Regardless of Vick’s guilt or innocence in a court of Freemen's School, law, the paper of Sheffield, facts in this case clearly support this decision,” PETA said. “No company wants a spokesperson with a massive illegal dogfighting ring operating on his property, regardless of his level of involvement.” The Humane Society of the United States said the essay Freemen's, companies couldn’t ignore the overwhelming opposition to having any association with Vick. He said some 165,000 e-mails were sent to how to write an informational article Leighton Park Nike through the group’s website. Essay City Of London Freemen's School. “I think there’s a direct relationship,” said Wayne Pacelle, president of the HSUS. “We asked them to do this and essay writing du Leman the pressure continued to build, especially as the facts of the indictment came out. It simply became an writing an argument essay Freemen's untenable position.” There was no immediate response from the how to write School, Vick camp. An after-hours phone message was left with his agent, Joel Segal, while unsuccessful attempts were made to reach his new attorney, Billy Martin, by phone and e-mail.

Kaigler said she already had received numerous e-mails in support of the decision. Even though numerous NFL players have run afoul of the law, this is the City School, first time Reebok has stopped sales of an individual jersey. “The number of e-mails and statements we’re getting from consumers was pretty telling about how disturbing people find these allegations to be,” Kaigler said. (Sponsors come down hard on Michael Vick. Friday, July 27, 2007. Peer Review St. Louis. The Associated Press)

Upper Deck, a trading card company. “In another dose of bad news for the indicted quarterback, a top trading card company announced it was pulling Vick’s likeness from any new packs.” (Sponsors come down hard on Michael Vick. An Argument City Of London Freemen's. Friday, July 27, 2007. The Associated Press) Donruss, another trading card company. Donruss, one of four major trading card companies, has decided to pull Vick’s card from any future 2007 releases, according to Beckett Media, which covers the collectibles industry. How To Write ACS Cobham. Donruss had an autograph agreement with Vick, and much of the writing an argument City of London, company’s plans for writing College du Leman the remainder of the year included the insertion of both autograph and memorabilia cards bearing the writing an argument Freemen's, quarterback’s picture.

Beckett Media reported on we write your its website that Donruss dropped Vick’s card at the behest of owner Ann Powell, whose five dogs accompany her to work every day and City of London School have virtually free reign inside the company’s headquarters. “If anybody who knows about the current Vick situation knows Donruss, they know that this is a decision we had to make because of scientific essay College du Leman, Ann and writing an argument City her love of dogs,” company spokesman Scott Prusha told the website. “This decision came straight from Ann.” Prusha said that “wasn’t even a consideration. We met as a company and article School the idea was brought up to pull him. There was no opposition from anybody in writing an argument City Freemen's, the room.” (Sponsors come down hard on Michael Vick. Brookes Lake. Friday, July 27, 2007. The Associated Press)

Rawlings, which used Vick’s likeness to sell merchandise and modeled a football using his name, Reebok’s jersey suspension due to the Michael Vick situation was a first. Writing City Freemen's. Although Reebok does not have a business relationship with Vick, the Massachusetts-based company serves as the official supplier of apparel and equipment to all 32 NFL teams. Through that deal, it holds the coveted rights to sell jerseys at the retail level. “We just find the allegations very upsetting and very disturbing,” Reebok spokeswoman Denise Kaigler said. “While this is just the beginning of the legal process and we know that it has to have time to run its course, we felt that making this decision now was important and peer St. Louis School the right thing to do.” Reebok said it also was willing to take back any unsold Vick jerseys that are returned by retail outlets. All these hits came one day after the writing an argument essay, Atlanta Falcons quarterback pleaded not guilty to essay ACS Cobham International School federal dogfighting charges in Richmond, Va. In the indictment, he was accused of sponsoring a gruesome operation that often shot, hanged, drowned or electrocuted losing dogs. 4) How much money Vick lost from writing an argument essay City of London School, his sponsors terminating his contracts.

On the 27 th of July, Nike declared a suspension of their contract with Michael Vick contract without pay, and said they will stop selling all Michael Vick products at Nike owned retail outlets. Donruss, a trading card company, also decided to peer review St. Louis School pull Vick’s card from any future 2007 releases, according to Beckett Media, which covers the collectibles industry. Upper Deck, another trading card company, took similar action. On July 31, St. Writing Essay Of London School. Louis-based sporting goods manufacturer Rawlings, which used Vick’s likeness to how to write a quote in an International sell merchandise and modeled a football using his name, ended its relationship. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution reports that Dick’s Sporting Goods and Sports Authority stores, part of writing an argument essay of London Freemen's School, a major chain, have also stopped selling Vick-related goods. Upon the filing of Vick’s Plea Agreement and Statement of Facts with the federal court in essay Brookes Lake, Richmond, Nike announced it had terminated his contract, which had earlier been suspended. In Atlanta, an NAACP leader said Michael Vick should be allowed to return to the NFL, preferably the writing essay City Freemen's School, Atlanta Falcons, after serving his sentence for his role in a dogfighting operation. “As a society, we should aid in peer School, his rehabilitation and welcome a new Michael Vick back into the community without a permanent loss of his career in football,” said R.L. White, president of the group’s Atlanta chapter. “We further ask the NFL, Falcons, and the sponsors not to permanently ban Mr. Vick from his ability to bring hours of enjoyment to fans all over this country.”

White said the Falcons quarterback made a mistake and should be allowed to prove he has learned from that mistake. On Monday, Vick said through a lawyer that he will plead guilty to a federal charge of conspiracy to travel in interstate commerce in aid of unlawful activities and conspiracy to sponsor a dog in an animal fighting venture. Three Vick associates have pleaded guilty to Freemen's the conspiracy charge and say Vick provided nearly all the a quote in an, gambling and operating funds for the “Bad Newz Kennels” dogfighting enterprise. Two of them also said Vick participated in executing at least eight underperforming dogs, raising the possibility of the animal cruelty charges. Last month, state and local leaders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People urged the public not to rush to judgment in writing an argument City of London Freemen's School, the Vick case. In An Essay ACS Cobham International. The civil rights organization said animal rights groups, talk radio and the news media were vilifying the embattled athlete, and that his team and essay Freemen's corporate sponsors were prematurely punishing Vick. White said the Atlanta chapter supports Vick’s decision to accept a plea bargain if it’s in your essay Brookes, his best interest, but he questioned the writing of London Freemen's, credibility of Vick’s co-defendants, saying an admission of guilt might be more about cutting losses than the truth. “At this point, you’re not looking at how to essay Rosseau Lake guilt or innocence,” White said, referring to the possible harsher sentence Vick could have received had he taken his case to City Freemen's trial and School been found guilty. “You’re thinking, ‘What I better do is cut my losses and take a plea.’ But if he saw this as the best thing to do at this point for his future, then I think he made the correct choice.” White said he regretted that the plea deal will mean all the an argument essay of London, facts of the of Sheffield, case might never be known. “Some have said things to save their own necks,” White said. “Michael Vick has received more negative press than if he had killed a human being.” White said he does not support dogfighting and that he considers it as bad as hunting. “His crime is, it was a dog,” White said. Three Vick associates have pleaded guilty to the conspiracy charge and say Vick provided nearly all the gambling and an argument City of London Freemen's operating funds for the “Bad Newz Kennels” dogfighting enterprise. Two of peer School, them also said Vick participated in executing at least eight underperforming dogs, raising the possibility of the an argument essay City of London Freemen's School, animal cruelty charges. Last month, state and scientific writing College du Leman local leaders of the writing an argument essay of London, National Association for the Advancement of how to, Colored People urged the public not to rush to judgment in the Vick case.

The civil rights organization said animal rights groups, talk radio and the news media were vilifying the writing essay of London, embattled athlete, and that his team and corporate sponsors were prematurely punishing Vick. White said the Atlanta chapter supports Vick’s decision to accept a plea bargain if it’s in scientific College, his best interest, but he questioned the City of London Freemen's, credibility of Vick’s co-defendants, saying an admission of guilt might be more about ACS Cobham cutting losses than the truth. (ERRIN HAINES 2007) The fact that Michael has decided to go to prison early might count in his favor by helping to establish good behavior on his part. This might also help him get released from prison a little sooner than the full length of his court sentence, as this action has also been interpreted as a goodwill gesture to his fans, the federal officials, and the NFL in an argument essay City of London, general. Deborah Charles (2007) Why did fallen hero Vick to go to essay writing jail early? Retrieved from. ERRIN HAINES (2007) NAACP Urges NFL to Let Vick Play Again. Sponsors come down hard on writing an argument essay of London Freemen's Michael Vick.

Friday, July 27, 2007. Essay. The Associated Press. Why did fallen hero Vick go to jail early – Yahoo! News. Writing Essay City Of London School. Retrieved from. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order The Marketing of Michael Vick. essay editing for only $13.9 per page.

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City of London Freemen s School: Independent Schools Inspectorate

Free Environmental Studies essays. Pollution is defined as “to make something impure”—in this case, the fresh water in lakes. The pollution of water restricts its use for some human need or a natural function in the ecosystem. Pollution affects the water quality in freshwater lakes and other resources worldwide. It can take many forms, from industrial sources, agricultural and municipal; some common examples are pesticides, herbicides, wastewater and waste.

Lakes often contain high levels of pollutants in writing an argument City of London School, relation to the landscape and environment. Rivers and streams draining the landscape of contaminants are concentrated in lakes and other water bodies. Aquatic organisms such as fish can be extremely high pollution, as some pollutants are not easy to resolve and diluting in water, and instead consist in peer St. Louis School, organisms. Certain species of aquatic organisms are particularly sensitive to pollution; they are used as indicators of pollution and called bio-indicators. Lakes drain a large natural landscape, reflecting the process and procedures to use. If chemicals are spilled, they are near streams flow downhill and can be carried into lakes. Physical water pollutants include particulate materials such as soil erosion landscape or washing paved areas by running water, the.

Once in a river or lake, some particles settle out of the water and bottom sediments. Chemical contaminants adsorbed (attached) to the particles are also in the sediment where they are buried or carried out by the floods to other places to be installed permanently. Other physical contaminants discharged heat can be a source or output industrial hot surfaces in hot weather. Elimination of shade trees along the shore of a lake or river can also allow sunlight in the waters above the normal temperature range for heating. Fresh natural waters contain chemicals that flows dissolved in the soil and rocks. Major inorganic elements comprise calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, carbon, chlorine and sulfur, and plant nutrients such as nitrogen, silicon and phosphorus.

Derivatives of biological materials in decomposing organic compounds may also be present. In addition, the soft water contains almost all synthetic compounds, such as pesticides and writing an argument essay City School, other industrial and consumer products. Chemicals from human activities that can increase the concentration of specific compounds over natural levels cause pollution problems. Too many plant nutrients in peer paper St. Louis, excessive plant growth leading, while synthetic organic compounds can physiological changes in aquatic organisms, or can be fatal at high concentrations is. The pollutants can be absorbed by writing an argument essay of London School, plants and animals by contacting the contaminated water or directly from sediment. Plants and organisms contaminate these sources of contamination of the food chain spread as predators eat. Although not generally considered contaminants, bacteria and plants living organisms, the proportions are increasingly harassment. The accidental release of cyanide from a recovery of research argumentative The University of Sheffield precious metals in Romania polluted the Tisza in 2000, aquatic and terrestrial animals, as this horse has poisoned drinking water three weeks after the essay, spill killed. Pollution not only downstream traveled through Romania, Hungary and Yugoslavia, but also joined the Danube and ultimately to the Black Sea. The release of about 100 tons of cyanide caused what. Biological contamination may affect the how to an illustrative, use of fresh water.

These problems often occur when plants die and decompose, when bacterial decomposition consumes oxygen needed by aerobic aquatic organisms. Excessive algae or other plant material provides more decomposition and thereby decompose more oxygen reduction material. Writing Of London School? In addition, non-native plants and Leighton Park School, animals that are introduced as a result of human activities alter the basic ecology of essay of London Freemen's a lake or river that often great harm. Pollution is generally categorized by how it enters a lake – either point source or non-point source pollution. a) Point source pollution: Point source pollution is from pollutants that enter a body of water, which can be attributed to a source, place and specific authors.

The point source pollution is easier to manage compared to non-point sources. b) Non-point sources: Non-point source pollution is from how to write a quote in an essay ACS Cobham International School Pollutants that enter a body of water which cannot be attributed to a specific source, place and authors. Rather, this pollution comes from writing an argument many diffuse sources and often occurs in small amounts, but can focus on freshwater lakes and other resources. Examples of point sources discharging are industrial waste, sewage from write essay Lake wastewater treatment plants, dumping deposit and other dangerous illegal chemical (nuclear waste). City School? Heat can also be a contaminant. For example, the central water often one of the scientific writing College du Leman, components of the cool overheating. Once inserted, hot water is released into nearby lakes, where the temperature changes from the lake. This heat is a form of pollution, because it can be harmful and an argument Freemen's, kill aquatic organisms including fish Species sensitive to temperature change.

Another example of widespread environmental contamination is the legal discharge of essay College du Leman waste water and other chemicals. For example, Detroit, Michigan reports available more than 700 million gallons of wastewater per day and 150 million pounds of an argument essay of London Freemen's polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), toxic each year in review School, the Detroit River, which serves as a link between Lake Huron and Lake Erie2. Since the origin of the point source pollution is often it is much easier to handle than non-point pollution sources. If the pollution originates in remote locations from City of London water point, or is there a large number of small diffuse sources, it is called non-point sources. No identifiable source such contamination is often difficult to write Lake manage; it is difficult to estimate how much pollution is actually happening and writing an argument, what impact. Diffuse sources include agricultural runoff (pesticides, fertilizers), acid rain deposition and nitrate leaching from septic tanks. School? Diffuse sources represent most of the impurities in the water systems. 3.4 Impacts of essay City Freemen's lake pollution. Whatever the source of the contamination can affect aquatic life in many ways. In general, the pollution reduces the quality of water.

It can also be the variety of wildlife; particularly sensitive species. Pollution of the lake has been documented as contributing to a variety of health problems and diseases in humans. It has also been shown to we write essay Lake have significant negative impacts on wildlife and the environment as a whole. There are a few different effects of lake pollution, which are essential for humans. The effects of pollution of the writing an argument essay City Freemen's, lake are not always immediate. They are not always seen on we write your Brookes Shawnigan Lake, the contaminated site.

They are sometimes never known by the person responsible for the pollution. A pollution of the lake, however, has a great impact on the lives of everyone. With the knowledge, testing and preparation, water pollution can be reduced. It does not take much effort – just a little thought. Lake pollution can pose health dangers to humans who come into contact with it, either directly or indirectly. The risk of your health being negatively impacted by polluted drinking water in writing Freemen's School, a developed country is how to write essay International small in comparison with developing countries. However, it is possible to become ill from contaminated water. For example, if you are walking, you can get giardiasis, which can cause severe nausea and vomiting as the presentation of acute symptoms to develop.

This infection is caused by water that has been polluted by untreated animal waste in the drinking waterways. In anthropogenic environments such as cities and villages, potential toxins are much more numerous. Another high risk of lake pollution is Mercury contamination. Mercury has been found to interfere with the development of the central nervous system in fetuses and young children, which could potentially lead to writing City School a large amount of write Leighton Park long-term side effects. 3.6 Impact of lake pollution on ecosystem. Lake pollution also causes negative effects within the environment to animals and their habitats.

The entry of pollutants in an argument Freemen's School, lakes has a wide range of effects. It is possible for pollutants, to change the water temperature enough to fish force in search of colder waters. Review School? This can even create an ecological dead zone. The pollution of lakes can also significantly increase the rate of algal blooms. These flowers create massive destruction of fish as oxygen is depleted in water and suffocate fish. Fish can be killed, even if excessive algae get caught in their gills. 3.7 Definition of lake maintenance.

There are numerous reasons to pay close attention to the lake maintenance, including: a) Preventing fish kill; b) Reducing sediment buildup. c) Reducing aquatic weed growth. d) Reducing need for synthetic algaecides. e) Improving irrigation water quality. f) Reducing harmful gases like CO2 and an argument City Freemen's, Methane.

g) Reducing mosquitoes. h) Increasing the review School, Ozone content of the an argument essay City Freemen's, water. i) Reduce Bacteria and odor. To maintain a high water quality the how to write an informational Leighton Park, lake requires a maintenance plan. Apart from preventing nutrient inflows to the lake from the catchment or surrounding farm land and road runoff, a key element of writing essay City of London School that plan should be creating plans that will help the lake to maintain clean. 3.8 Contribution of research paper The University of Sheffield lake maintenance to the future of City of London aquatic system. Fresh water is essential to human life and writing du Leman, economic wellbeing, and societies draw strongly on rivers, lakes, wetlands, and underground aquifers to writing an argument essay of London Freemen's School supply water for drinking, irrigating crops, and running industrial processes.

The benefits of these extractive uses of fresh water have traditionally overshadowed the equally important benefits of water that remains in stream to sustain healthy aquatic ecosystems. There is growing recognition that functionally intact and biologically complex freshwater ecosystems provide many economically valuable commodities and services to society. Lakes provide people with many services: aesthetic enjoyment, recreation, fish, and transportation, water for irrigation, drinking and dilution of pollutants. Lake degradation results from excessive nutrient inputs, toxic substances, habitat loss, overfishing, species invasions and paper argumentative of Sheffield, extirpations. The goal of management is to writing essay City School balance the uses of lakes with conservation measures to sustain ecosystem services over your Brookes, time (Carpenter #038; Lathrop 1999). A degraded lake can have its water quality improved through implementing appropriate management strategies. This process is variously known as lake restoration, remediation or rehabilitation. 4.1 Lake restoration. It is City of London important to recognize that the restoration program will take time and will not return the research argumentative The University of Sheffield, lake to a once untouched condition that it may have had earlier in an argument essay of London School, its life, but it could improve the water quality to essay writing College meet a specified water quality goal. The ability to writing essay of London achieve that goal for a specific degraded lake will be determined by the nutrient budget (internal versus external loads), how well the in-lake processes are known, the degree of restoration required to argumentative achieve the goal and the funding available to implement the management strategies required to achieve that degree of restoration.

Other than cost, there are few limits on the size, shape or depth of an argument City lake that can be restored. While there is an implicit expectation that restoration will return the lake to its original condition, the reality is that some processes on the way to degradation are irreversible (Carpenter #038; Lathrop, 1999). Consequently, the expectation of restoration needs to be tempered with the knowledge that the lake may never reach its original state and that the objective of your essay Brookes Lake a restoration project will be to rehabilitate the an argument essay City, lake to improve the water quality and Leighton, lake conditions to an achievable level. This rehabilitation level then becomes a management goal. The goals need to be realistic and essay Freemen's School, both socially and culturally acceptable. Restoring a degraded lake to a new desirable condition is an how to write in an ACS Cobham International adaptive management process which must include a monitoring program to assess the success of management strategies employed to reach that goal, and writing essay City of London Freemen's School, the flexibility to adapt the management strategies based on those monitoring results. Figure 4.1.a. shows the maintenance flow diagram for the rehabilitation of a lake. The issues, goals and measures of success can be filled in and additional sections listing the tools to be used can be added.

The role of the environmental consultant at peer review St. Louis, key points indicated by red arrows is an argument City of London School optional depending on the competence of the lake manager and the size of the lake. A certified engineering consultant is mandatory for any structural changes to a dam. 4.2 Practical maintenance goals in Lake Restoration. Practical maintenance goals for that lake would include: a. To reduce or eliminate the occurrence of nuisance cyanobacteria blooms. b. To improve the essay College, water quality of the lake from an argument essay City of London hypertrophic to super trophic or eutrophic. c. To reduce the Lake, abundance of aquatic macrophysics in the lake to enable unimpeded use of the lake for writing City School contact recreation, and.

d. To maintain or enhance the fishery in the lake and its tributaries. These goals are essential to restoring of the lake. They are closely linked that changes made to achieve one goal will interact with and affect the other goals. The following is research of Sheffield a range of maintenance tools that have been used for the restoration of degraded lake. Writing An Argument Essay Of London School? The most recent tool ‘Computer modelling’ uses environmental, climate and water quality / biogeochemical monitoring data from the lake to build a simulation of the lake to estimate the likely benefits to the lake of applying one or more of the maintenance tools. These tools are including:

The weight of evidence indicates that the key to restoring the water quality of scientific College du Leman lake and essay City of London, its fishery is the management of the lake weed. Write An Informational Article School? There are four approaches to this issue: (1) Mechanical weeds harvesting; (3) Bio manipulation and. (4) Changing water levels. Before undertaking any strategy to an argument City Freemen's School control lake weeds, there needs to be a clear understanding of the goal and the consequences of each action. The weight of evidence of the importance of lake weeds includes the fact that the tall weeds remove all the NO3-N from the lake water during spring when there are high inflows of NO3-N enriched stream water. This evidence also suggests that under low flows the weeds become N-limited and, being unable to sustain the amount of biomass with the nutrients available, they senesce releasing the nutrients in the plants back into write an informational the water. Waste water treatment uses holding ponds and wetlands for reducing the nutrient load before the water is released into an open waterway. The main disadvantages of the technique are that, 1) To be efficient they cover a large area to an argument Freemen's School give sufficient contact time for nutrient and sediment stripping,

2) They are less efficient at removing P than N, and. 3) They may not cope with flood flows and research argumentative The University of Sheffield, the stream short circuits directly to writing an argument essay of London Freemen's School the lake with no renovation. Floating treatment wetlands (FTW) are a new restoration concept where emergent wetland plants are grown in buoyant rafts which are moored in a lake or stream. These rafts are constructed from recycled plastic (PET drink bottles) in various sized sections that could be 2 m by 3 m for ease of handling and joined together later. The plants are grown in recesses in the raft and their roots extend down into the water where they assimilate the write article Park School, N and P. The FTWs are aesthetically pleasing and blend in with the natural lake shore environment (Figure 4.2.a) and provide additional habitat for birds and koura. Onshore management to reduce nutrient inputs to the lake should look at essay City Freemen's, the sources of those nutrients. However, because the paper, lag time between the contamination of the groundwater and that contaminated groundwater reaching the lake, nutrient stripping of the groundwater at the lake edge is writing of London also essential. This is best achieved using marginal wetland buffer zones (Figure 4.2.b). The surface or unconfined groundwater aquifer is the most vulnerable to contamination in the catchment as it receives the infiltrating rainwater percolating down through the peer paper St. Louis School, soil.

It is this surface groundwater layer that enters the lake at of London Freemen's, the lake edge. • This option may be more expensive and less culturally sensitive than entraining the drain flow through a shore line holding zone behind a wall of paper argumentative floating treatment wetlands. Another alternative is to divert the storm water into a “spill drain” behind the riparian buffer zone. Writing Essay Of London Freemen's? Both of these options dissipate the energy of the storm water inflow so that it does not move out into the body of the lake. Dispersing the flow behind the riparian buffer zone will cause all the sediment to remain on shore and the nutrients in how to write College, the storm water to be assimilated by an argument City Freemen's, the buffer zone plants.

A stream diversion channel is a temporary practice to convey stream flow in an environmentally safe manner around or through a construction site while a permanent structure or conveyance is being installed in the stream channel. • Flushing – external source water. A simple expedient in write a quote in an, small lakes overseas is to divert a proportion of a clean stream or river through the lake to reduce the City of London Freemen's, residence time and thus flush the we write your Lake, N and P in solution and in particulates, such as algae, down the essay School, outlet stream. An in-depth analysis of the research paper argumentative The University, water quality of the source water would be needed if this option was a serious consideration. • Enhanced flushing using fluctuating water levels.

This technique requires manipulation of the weir on the lake to increase and decrease the lake water level at writing essay, different times of the year to how to a quote in an essay ACS Cobham take advantage of specific parts of the lake cycle. Seasonal changes in water level are potentially good for writing essay City Freemen's fisheries with the most productive fisheries having low water levels in summer (J. Boubee, NIWA, pers. comm.). Assuming that a suitable storage or dumping area could be found outside of the lake catchment, dredging would remove the sediment that contains the P, N and carbon (C), that has accumulated in the lake over the past few decades. It would also remove the seed bank for lake weeds. Essay Writing College Du Leman? The advantages of this option are that the nutrient legacy would be permanently removed and the lake would return to near its original depth. The disadvantages of this option are the writing an argument Freemen's, cost to remove the estimated 3 km3 of sediment, the destruction of the existing ecosystem, and the release of nutrients and other toxic chemicals such as Sulphides during the process of dredging. The release of Sulphide into the lake water would eliminate most aquatic life in the lake. The removal of lake weeds seed banks in the sediment would not be selective and desirable species for scientific writing du Leman restoring the lake habitat would be removed along with the undesirable species.

Aeration replaces the oxygen consumed by decomposition processes and prevents the development of anoxic conditions which allow P release from the sediments. This technique is often used in an argument City of London School, water supply reservoirs to prevent the anoxic release of P, which favors cyanobacteria growth, and the release of The University minerals such as iron and writing essay of London Freemen's School, manganese, which would stain baths, toilets and hand basins in homes and would cause black marks on washing as the water re-oxygenates and scientific essay writing College du Leman, these metals precipitate. The advantages of the technique is writing of London Freemen's School that it is relatively cheap, requiring an air compressor, connection hoses and an aeration bar with anchor blocks, and only needs to run in summer when low oxygen concentrations develop. In shallow lakes, giant discs pulled through the lake sediments open up the sediment allowing deep penetration of an informational article Leighton Park oxygen from the water column. The concept behind this tool is an argument City of London that the P will be bound to the iron and a quote essay International School, manganese oxides in the sediment.

This process can work where the an argument School, bed of the lake has been smothered with organic matter such as the collapse of a weed bed. Modelling of this option (White #038; Gibbs 1991) indicates that the beneficial effect for P binding is short lived because as soon as the sediments go anoxic once more, the P is released. How To Write Rosseau Lake College? The technique does introduce oxygen into the otherwise anoxic sediments. This can enhance nitrification and denitrification effectively reducing the N load in the lake. Writing Of London Freemen's? More importantly it supplies oxygen to the decomposition processes so that organic carbon content and thus the sediment oxygen demand are slowly reduced. High sediment oxygen demand is the main cause of bottom water anoxia which drives P release. However, to essay achieve a significant reduction in sediment oxygen demand, the dicing would need to writing an argument Freemen's School be repeated frequently. There are three major disadvantage of dicing through weed beds:

1) The organic matter could be driven into the sediment raising the organic carbon content, 2) Every leaf node of most aquatic macrophysics can grow so the dicing would most likely spread the weed more widely, and. 3) The dicing would devastate the benthic mussel beds destroying that part of the fishery. In some overseas restoration studies, concentrated nitrate is injected into review paper St. Louis the sediment with equipment similar to the giant discs to provide an oxygen source for decomposition processes in writing Freemen's, summer (Hemond #038; Lin, 2010). Review Paper St. Louis? The advantages of this technique are that the release of an argument essay of London P is reduced and thus the dominant algal species are not cyanobacteria. The release of arsenic (As) is also suppressed. The disadvantages are that the increase in NO3-N concentration drives high rates of primary production and results in high algal biomass in the lake i.e., the lake goes very green. This particular piece of research draws attention to the problems of getting the N and P out of balance i.e., heavy metals such as As and lead (Pb) can be released from the sediments. • When a cyanobacterial bloom has developed, it is too late to use many of the restoration techniques and it is more appropriate to your essay treat the bloom directly to get immediate results. To that end, much research has focused on the use of clay to floc the bloom so that it settles out of the writing an argument essay of London Freemen's, water column (Sengco #038; Anderson, 2004; Beaulieu et al. 2005; Padilla et al.

2006; Zouet al. 2006; Biyu et al. Scientific Du Leman? 2010; Chen #038; Pan, 2012; Pan et al. 2012). While the technique works in the short-term, it does not solve the underlying eutrophication problem and may smother benthic organisms in the sediment. The phosphorus released from the lake sediments is in the form of an argument essay Freemen's School phosphate which is readily usable by plants, especially algae, for growth. While all plants use N and P in the ratio of 16 N to 1 P (Redfield 1958), the scientific writing College, symbiotic bacteria inside blue-green algae, hence the name ‘cyanobacteria’, can convert N2 gas in essay City School, the atmosphere to NO3-N which the algal host can use for growth. This gives cyanobacteria a competitive advantage over all other algal species when there is a surplus of write an informational Leighton Park P and writing an argument Freemen's School, a deficit of scientific essay writing nutrient N in the lake water, and they dominate the algal species assemblage.

Consequently, an excess of P in the water column is said to favor the growth of cyanobacteria and the formation of nuisance blooms. Essay School? Phosphorus inactivation is used to make that P unavailable for algal growth by write a quote in an ACS Cobham International School, binding it to a metal. The result is the reduction in magnitude or elimination of the writing an argument City of London Freemen's, cyanobacteria blooms (Cooke et al. 2005). There have been many documented applications world-wide and the general conclusion is that this method for treating lakes with high internal P loads can substantially reduce the internal P load. • Phosphorus inactivation with sediment capping. The alternative to alum is to use a granular P inactivation agent. These products are designed to inactivate P either in the water column or at the sediment surface before settling on how to article School, the lake bed as a thin (1–2 mm thick) layer. This is the writing an argument essay City of London Freemen's, layer referred to as the sediment cap. While a combination of these tools can address the internal problems in the lake, there is also an overriding requirement to write article Leighton Park address the sources of nutrients from the catchment.

The Great Lakes form the largest surface freshwater system on Earth. More than 30 million people live in the Great Lakes basin, and the impact of their daily activities, from the water consumed to the waste returned, directly affects the Great Lakes environment. EPA leads U.S. efforts to restore and an argument essay of London Freemen's, maintain the how to essay ACS Cobham International School, quality and ecosystems of the Great Lakes watershed. The Great Lakes (also called the Laurentian Great Lakes or the Great Lakes of North America) are a series of an argument of London Freemen's interconnected freshwater lakes located in northeastern North America, on the Canada–United States border, which connect to the Atlantic Ocean through the Saint Lawrence River. Consisting of Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron (or Michigan–Huron), Erie, and Ontario, they form the largest group of The University of Sheffield freshwater lakes on Earth, containing 21% of the world’s surface fresh water by volume.

The total surface is 94,250 square miles (244,106 km2), and the total volume (measured at the low water datum) is 5,439 cubic miles (22,671 km3). Due to their sea-like characteristics (rolling waves, sustained winds, strong currents, great depths, and distant horizons) the five Great Lakes have also long been referred to as inland seas. Lake Superior is the second largest lake in the world by area, and writing an argument essay, Lake Michigan is the largest lake that is entirely within one country. The southern half of the Great Lakes is surrounded by the Great Lakes Megalopolis. The Great Lakes began to form at the end of the last glacial period around 14,000 years ago, as retreating ice sheets carved basins into the land and they became filled with meltwater. The lakes have been a major highway for your Brookes transportation, migration and trade, and writing City School, they are home to a large number of aquatic species. Many invasive species have been introduced due to trade, and some threaten the peer review paper, region’s biodiversity.

Contaminated sediments are a significant problem in the Great Lakes basin. Although significant progress over writing essay City, the past 20 years has substantially reduced the discharge of toxic and persistent chemicals to the Great Lakes, persistent high concentrations of contaminants in the bottom sediments of rivers and harbors have raised considerable concern about potential risks to your aquatic organisms, wildlife, and humans. As a result, advisories against essay of London Freemen's fish consumption are in place in most locations around the Great Lakes. These contaminated sediments have been created by decades of industrial and municipal discharges, combined sewer overflows, and urban and agricultural non-point source non-point source Diffuse pollution sources (i.e., without a single point of origin or not introduced into a receiving stream from a specific outlet). The pollutants are generally carried off the land by write an illustrative College, storm water. Common nonpoint sources are agriculture, forestry, urban, mining, construction, dams, channels, land disposal, saltwater intrusion, and city streets, Runoff Water that flows off land into an argument essay City School lakes and streams.

Buried contaminants posing serious human and ecological health concerns can be dredged up by storms, ship propellers, and bottom-dwelling organisms. An Informational Article Park School? Many of these small bottom-dwellers absorb toxins as they feed in the mud. As larger animals eat these smaller animals, the an argument City of London Freemen's, toxins move up the food chain, with their concentrations getting higher, often thousands of times higher. Fish at the top of the food chain, such as lake trout and salmon, can be unsafe to essay Rosseau Lake College eat in some areas because of the of London School, heavy concentrations of toxic substances in their tissues. Fish-eating birds, including the bald eagle, may suffer low reproductive rates or produce offspring with birth defects. While the problem of contaminated sediments persists in the Great Lakes, efforts are being made in the pursuit of remediating these contaminated sediments. How To Write School? In the years 1997 through 2007, 5.5 million cubic yards of essay School contaminated sediments have been remediated in the U.S. Great Lakes Basin. Another primary reason for water pollution in the Great Lake is The University of Sheffield due to the use of pesticides in agricultural areas.

A large percentage of an argument City of London all of pollution in the United States comes from nonpoint source pollution. The source of pesticides in the Great Lakes is scientific essay College du Leman called nonpoint sources (NPS) pollution. Can refers to either water or air pollution. NPS source water pollution is more common in writing essay City of London Freemen's School, the Great Lakes. The pollution from the how to essay Rosseau Lake College, pesticides is writing essay Freemen's caused due to the agricultural areas around the Great Lakes.

The NSP pollution is transported into argumentative of Sheffield the Great Lakes when water from rainfall, snowmelt or irrigation runs through the ground into the soil that was exposed to pesticides. The water from the runoffs takes the excess pollutants (pesticides such as: fertilizers; herbicides; insecticides; etc.) lead the an argument of London, pollutants directly into the Great Lakes. Article Leighton Park School? The pollutants are very concern to the drinking water supplies, recreation, fisheries, and wildlife. Writing An Argument Essay Of London Freemen's School? “Many toxic substances tend to bio accumulate as they pass up the food chain in the aquatic ecosystem” ( Another problem faced in Great Lakes is the invasive species. We Write Your Shawnigan Lake? An invasive species is writing an argument City of London Freemen's School a plant or animal that is foreign to an ecosystem. During the past two centuries, invasive species have significantly changed the Great Lakes ecosystem. These changes have greatly affected the economy, health, and wellbeing of the people that rely on the system for food, water, and how to an illustrative, recreation. Once established, it is extremely difficult to control their spread.

At least 25 invasive species of writing essay City of London Freemen's fish have entered the Great Lakes since the 1800s, including: ? Alewife, A small silver-colored fish that is how to essay International School not native to Lake Erie. ? Spiny water flea. The Great Lakes have also been troubled by fast-growing invasive plants, which displace the native plants that support wildlife habitat and prevent erosion. These include: ? Reed canary grass. o Ballast Water Regulation. Ballast water is taken onto or discharged from a ship as it loads or unloads its cargo, to accommodate the writing City of London Freemen's School, ship’s weight changes. Thirty percent of invasive species in the Great Lakes have been introduced through ship ballast water. We Write Essay Brookes? In the early 1990s, the U.S. Coast Guard began requiring ships to exchange their ballast water, or seal their ballast tanks for of London School the duration of their stay. The Coast Guard later used their success in the Great Lakes to how to write essay International develop a ballast management program for the entire nation.

The Coast Guard is in the process of writing an argument City Freemen's developing ballast water discharge standards. o Preventing Potential Invaders. Based on the problems caused by invasive species, scientists are also closely watching other species that have invaded nearby ecosystems. Asian carp are of particular concern because they have been found in nearby waterways that eventually connect to the Great Lakes. In 2004, EPA and write Rosseau Lake College, other state and local agencies began construction of a permanent electric barrier to prevent the fish from entering Lake Michigan. EPA is also studying how existing invasive species have become established in the Great Lakes.

These studies will help develop new techniques to predict future invasions. Clean water is fundamental to the health of the Great Lakes. To ensure water quality and writing essay City of London School, availability, research conducted on peer paper St. Louis, the Great Lakes provides indicators that help to develop sustainable solutions to the Great Lakes water resource problems. The Great Lakes National Program Office (GLNPO) coordinates U.S. efforts with Canada under the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (GLWQA) to an argument essay of London School restore and maintain the chemical, physical and review School, biological integrity of the Great Lakes Basin Ecosystem, which includes Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario. GLNPO brings together federal, state, tribal, local, and industry partners under the strategic framework of the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI) to City Freemen's accomplish the objectives of GLRI action plan which in turn fulfills the aims of the GLWQA. The agenda of these organizations is to: ? Remediate contaminated sediments under the writing College du Leman, Great Lakes Legacy Act; ? Prevent pollution and work to reduce persistent toxic chemicals, as well as to identify emerging contaminants; ? Identify, protect, and writing an argument essay of London Freemen's, restore important habitats; ? Monitor and report on environmental status and trends; ? Provide assistance for community-based Remedial Action Plans for Areas of peer Concern and for Lake wide Management Plans; ? Use our funding to assist Great Lakes partners through grants, interagency agreements, and contracts, and. ? Coordinate and communicate with a wide variety of an argument Freemen's partners to achieve environmental progress. Great Lakes Restoration Initiative: The Great Lakes Restoration Initiative is the largest investment in the Great Lakes in how to write a quote ACS Cobham School, two decades. A task force of 11 federal agencies developed an action plan to implement the initiative.

This action plan covers fiscal years 2010 through 2014 and an argument City of London Freemen's School, addresses five urgent issues: 1. Cleaning up toxics and areas of concern; 2. Combating invasive species; 3. Promoting nearshore health by protecting watersheds from polluted run-off; 4. Restoring wetlands and other habitats; and. 5. Tracking progress and working with strategic partners. The project was developed to assist in peer review paper St. Louis, demonstrating community based approach to City improve quality of rivers in Malaysia. This is the first river restoration program in argumentative The University, Malaysia that focuses on writing essay of London Freemen's School, involvement from communities as a component in integrated river basin management plan.

The Kelana Jaya Lakes are ex-mining ponds in the Sungai-Damansara River Basin in research paper of Sheffield, Selangor managed by the Petaling Jaya City Council (MBPJ).They were initially managed solely as flood retention areas until they were developed as a public park in 1996.The lakes (4 in total) are still functioning as a flood retention basin but form an writing an argument essay Freemen's important feature of the Kelana Jaya Municipal Park. The lakes are also a popular spot for essay writing du Leman anglers. The lakes ecosystem has been altered due to loss of natural wetland plants in writing City, and surrounding the lakes. They have been replaced with rock, concrete or landscaping plants during the Park development and College, the catchment areas around the lakes have been developed for housing and commercial centers. In 1998, the writing, Lebuhraya Damansara Puchong was build adjacent to the park. As a result of these changes, the water quality of the lakes declined. The lakes receive polluted water from drains connected to the lake system. This has led to major loss of write an informational article Leighton School local fish species which are sensitive to pollution. The fishes are now being replaced by alien species which are more tolerant to pollution. Other pollutant sources in the lakes includes rubbish, organic waste and untreated sewage effluent leaking from writing an argument essay of London Freemen's sewage treatment tanks from housing as well as commercial areas.

The project has met encouraging local citizen support. Petaling Jaya City Council alongside the local citizen is aiming to achieve these goals in the Kelana Jaya Lake Restoration project: ? To reduce the scientific essay College du Leman, level of pollution flowing into writing essay of London the lakes. ? To increase community awareness. ? Rehabilitating biodiversity of the lake. ? To stop the pollution source from entering the lake system by Informing the community about the importance of re-establishing a more natural ecosystem which can provide better habitats for write an illustrative essay Rosseau Lake wildlife. To achieve these goals they have begun phase one of the restoration in 2002 and phase two of restoration in 2008. The restoration activities in phase two consist of: 1. Aquatic Vegetation restoration.

2. Non-native animal species control. 3. Writing School? Decaying vegetation removal. 4. Write Rosseau College? Litter control and floating vegetation management. Tangible impact of these activities result in solid waste and wastewater from storm drains were reduced by 60 percent and the quality of discharge from oxidation pond improved after refurbishment work was carried out. Water quality in the lake improved, with consequent benefits for fishing and Lake Ecosystem, and health benefits were observed in the lakeside communities. One of the biggest ways that lake pollution can be prevented and stopped is through public education. This includes more than just cleanup days where rubbish is removed from rivers, although such events are very successful and necessary.

Prevention is the most powerful tool in the resource against lake pollution. Learning about harmful chemicals and how to writing essay of London Freemen's properly dispose of them is vital to ensuring fresh lake remains usable. In order to manage pollution effectively, several questions must be answered: a) What is the source of the pollution? b) How much pollution is occurring? c) What is the projected lifetime of the pollution? d) What are the expected effects of the pollution? Point source pollution can be easier to manage than non-point source pollution because the source, volume, and impact of pollution can be easily identified. Further, point source pollution impacts are often focused in one location, making remediation easier. The level of impact from how to an illustrative essay Rosseau College a pollutant is dependent on several properties of the particular pollutant.

First, its level of toxicity is an important consideration; some pollutants such as PCBs are highly toxic, meaning only a small amount is enough to an argument City Freemen's harm humans and other organisms. On the other hand, some pollutants are toxic only in high concentrations, such as the pesticide Atrazine. The amount of a particular pollutant in the environment is also an important factor regulating its effects. For example, if a particular chemical is only mildly toxic to we write essay Brookes Shawnigan Lake fish, yet is found in the environment in high amounts because of a widespread application, it can be very harmful. Finally, the an argument City Freemen's, lifetime of a pollutant – the length of time it is expected to of Sheffield stay in the environment – is another vital factor. Some chemicals break down or are diluted in water quickly, while others are highly persistent and resistant to breakdown. Examples of long-lived pollutants include chemicals DDT, PCBs, and mercury; these chemicals are highly resistant to degradation and writing City Freemen's, can remain for decades after their release has stopped. For example, studies from the research paper, Great Lakes in the U.S. and other important lakes show that while the release of these toxic pollutants had decreased their levels in writing an argument, fish and other aquatic organisms have actually increased because they stay in the environment and accumulate in fish over long periods of time. Review Paper St. Louis School? Essentially, once these pollutants enter a lake they tend to stay and are extremely difficult to remove.

Once lake is contaminated, it is difficult, expensive, and sometimes impossible to remove pollutants. Writing Essay? Preventing pollution is obviously important. Drinking water suppliers have discovered that lake protection is cost-effective because it reduces pollution and cuts the cost of drinking water treatment. Through a combination of government intervention and research argumentative The University, increased awareness of the importance and fragility of freshwater resources, pollution can be effectively managed in the future. There are many difficulties faced while observing the essay City School, results of lake restoration projects and basically lake restoration also includes a high proportion of trial and an illustrative essay Rosseau College, error, in which the essay City Freemen's, means for a successful recovery is still largely uncertain. Write A Quote In An International? Restorations are often performed mainly to improve the water quality and not intended as a scientific experiment, (Mehner et al., 2002). This implies that several remedies are often used more or less simultaneously, making it impossible to completely disentangle the effects of all measures. A new challenge to future restoration projects is future climate changes and an argument essay City of London, the extent to which increased temperature or changed precipitation patterns may affect the choices and plans for restoration. School? There are several signs that climatic changes will increase the risk of essay City of London School eutrophication and an illustrative Rosseau Lake, thus counteract restoration measures and destabilize the macrophyte-dominated clear-water state in writing an argument City of London, coastal north temperate lakes (Mooij et al.

2005; Jeppesen et al. 2007): higher precipitation will increase the external nutrient loading and higher temperatures might improve the conditions for Zooplanktivorous fish species such as carp Cyprius carpio and other cyprinids, and in combination this may reduce the review St. Louis, possibility of writing essay Freemen's School obtaining top-down control of phytoplankton. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Environmental Studies essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in how to write article Leighton Park, our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Environmental Studies work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Environmental Studies essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to City Freemen's provide a citation, as follows:

Essay UK, Pollution . How To Write Rosseau College? Available from: [06-10-17]. If you are the original author of an argument essay City Freemen's School this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal: 08-09-17 - Earthquake forecasting 11-08-17 - Soil management 05-07-17 - Investments in climate change 26-05-17 - Environmental security 23-05-17 - Political ecology 22-05-17 - Liquefied natural gas for maritime transportation 01-05-17 - Quality of water in Witbank 18-02-17 - Potential Environmental Impacts of Textile Waste - Waste management 30-11-16 - Investigation Into Chitosan-Based Coatings Technology. We offer professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service. Our work is high quality, plagiarism-free and delivered on time. Essay UK is a trading name of review St. Louis School Student Academic Services Limited , a company registered in England and writing an argument essay City of London, Wales under Company Number 08866484 .

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Education in writing essay City of London School, the Past, Present and Future. Education in the Past, Present and Future! Education in early, medieval, and the British periods has to be viewed in: (a) The perspective of historical growth, and. (b) Its philosophic signifi­cance. From the latter point of paper argumentative The University of Sheffield, view, in the Vedic period, schools were boarding schools where a child was handed over to the teacher at the age of about eight years, and he was imparted knowledge for developing ideal behaviour and not for its utilitarian end. Knowledge, it was felt, was something that lent meaning, glory, and lustier to life. The teacher took personal interest in the life of his students. An Argument Essay City Of London School? Education was all comprehen­sive. For example, physical education was compulsory.

Students were taught to build up a strong and healthy body. Training was given in the art of peer review paper St. Louis School, war, including archery, riding, driving, and in other allied fields. School education began with phonology, including study of grammar. Af­ter that, study of logic was taken up which dealt with the essay City of London School, laws of reasoning and art of thinking. Then came science of Arts and how to write a quote essay ACS Cobham International Crafts.

Lastly, came the discipline of life which was concerned with sexual purity and chastity in thought and action, including simplicity in food and dress, emphasis on equality, fraternity and independence, and respect for the teacher. Thus, language, logic, craft, discipline and building up character formed the basics of education in early India. In the Brahmanical period, the Vedic literature formed the chief sub­ject of instruction. The main aim of education was the learning of the City of London Freemen's, Vedas. But the Sudras were excluded from the right to education. Education was given on the basis of caste rather than ability and aptitude. Women also were debarred from education. In the write Park, Muslim period, the ob­jectives of education changed. It was more to teach the three R’s and train in religious norms. The higher education was imparted through schools of learning while the vocational and professional training was given within the caste structure.

Sanskrit and Arabic or Persian was the medi­ums of writing essay Freemen's School, instruction. The teachers’ remuneration was paid by write article Park the rulers through grant of land, presents from pupils, allowances paid by wealthy citizens, and writing essay School payment in the form of food, clothes or other articles. The financial position of the schools was not very strong. They did not have special buildings of their own. In many cases, schools were held in local temples or mosques or teachers’ houses. The schools were conducted al­most exclusively by Maulvis (priests) for the Muslim students and by Brahmins for the Hindu students. Vocational training was provided by fa­ther, brother, etc. to research paper of Sheffield the child. Thus, the caste system provided vocational training and transmitted skills from generation to generation and also provided gainful employment. There was no emphasis on physical educa­tion, developing thinking ability, or teaching some craft. Chastity, equality, simplicity were not the ideals of student life. An Argument Essay City Of London School? The specialisation of we write Shawnigan, professional roles had not reached a stage at an argument essay City Freemen's School, which a separate class or caste could take up education work as a specialised function.

Education was more practical. In the British period, education aimed at producing mainly clerks. An Illustrative Rosseau Lake College? Education was student-centred rather than teacher-centred. Unlike today, education in this period never aimed at freedom of individual, excellence of individual, equality amongst all people, individual and group self-reliance, and national cohesion. Christian missionaries engaged in imparting education gave considerable importance to conversion of religion. Educa­tion in writing essay City of London School, schools and scientific essay colleges was not productive which could break down the social, regional and linguistic barriers. Writing Essay City Freemen's? It never aimed at making peo­ple masters of technology. It also did not focus on fighting injustice, intolerance and superstition. Education today is oriented to promoting values of an urban, competitive consumer society. Through the existing education system, India has pro­duced in the last five decades number of scientists, professionals and technocrats who have excelled in their fields and paper made a mark at writing essay of London Freemen's, the na­tional and international levels. The top scientists, doctors, engineers, researchers, professors, etc., are not those who were educated abroad but had got their entire education in India.

If these experts and all those peo­ple who have reached the highest level have come through our present educational system, how could we deny the positive aspects of the educa­tion system as it is found today? Thus, while we cannot totally criticise our present education, there are some issues which need our urgent atten­tion, if we are really concerned with a better future. The question relates not to the past or to the present but rather to the future. How are we go­ing to prepare the experts in various fields to meet the challenges of the newest and latest technology of the twenty-first century? It is not a ques­tion of the extent to which education provides or fails to paper argumentative The University of Sheffield provide employment to Freemen's people but it is a question of education providing modern technology for write Leighton Park School the benefit of the poor and an argument deprived people. It is a ques­tion of the quality of education. Instead of merely viewing the growing population as a liability, we should change the population into an asset and strength along with trying to control its growth. This can be done only by education and human development.

Merely giving a degree and scientific essay writing College du Leman a certificate to a young person that he is qualified for appointment is not enough. We have to make our younger generation think. The present education system does not encourage a person to think. He is essay of London, taught a set syllabus which he is expected to we write your essay Brookes Shawnigan Lake reproduce during the examinations. This is writing of London, deficient system. The youngsters have to be provoked to ask more and more questions which will not only essay Lake help them to think but will also com­pel teachers to read and learn more. We have, thus, to change the examination system. We have to compel students to take learning more seriously. We have to wean them away from cutting classes, indulging in strikes, participating in students’ politics, seeking admission only for con­testing elections and offering courses only as a part-time study course.

We have to build their character. Though it is true that the number of educational institutions and stu­dents at all levels has increased but it cannot be contented that the quality of education, the interest of students, and writing essay Freemen's dedication of teachers has also increased simultaneously. The number of pre-primary schools has gone up, during the period from 1961 to 1998, by about 21 times (from 1,909 to 40,553), of primary schools has almost doubled (from 3.3 lakhs to 6.107 lakhs), of middle/senior schools has increased by little more than three and a half times (from 49,663 to 1.85 lakh), of write an informational Leighton Park School, higher secondary schools by about six times (from 17,257 to 107,100) and of universities (including deemed universities) by about five times (from 45 to 228). (Manpower Profile, India, 1998:70 and The Hindustan Times, May 2, 1999). The number of teachers in primary schools has increased from 1961 to an argument 1997 by write School about two and a half times (from 7.4 lakh to 17.89 lakh), and in higher secondary schools by about five times (from 2.96 lakh to 15.42 lakh). Lastly, the number of students in primary schools during 1961 to of London School 1997 has increased by about three times (from 336.31 lakh to 1103.94 lakh), in higher secondary schools by about five times (from 34.63 lakh to 178.62 lakh) and in graduate and postgraduate classes by about twelve and an informational Leighton School a half times (from 4.28 lakh to 53.73 lakh). However, weaknesses and deficiencies in writing an argument essay City of London, education have been pointed out by almost all Commissions and Committees. The three main deficiencies in argumentative The University of Sheffield, the present education system may be described as fol­lows: (1) The present education does not generate or fortify the type of knowledge that is relevant to City of London Freemen's our changed society. (2) Technology associ­ated with a particular body of knowledge is inappropriate to our stage of development in terms of its employment potential or investment de­mands. (3) Education has failed to how to an illustrative provide value framework which may prepare committed politicians, bureaucrats, technocrats, and professionals on whom our nation can depend for sophisticated system of support serv­ices to be useful in taking the country to the highest level.

Our society is moving towards an unknown future. The crises that the contemporary society is encountering are likely to increase in their fre­quency and intensity. With rising population and dwindling resources, our country has to face new problems. To meet the challenges of this fu­ture, we will need knowledge and skills that may contribute to problem-solving capacity not only in the fields of writing, science and technology but also in the fields of human relations and management. Peer Review? Unfortunately, the education system today is decaying more and writing an argument City of London School more instead of re­sponding creatively to the challenges of contemporary predicament.

We need to reset our priorities. First, we accept the philosophy of ‘education for School self-reliance’. The emphasis must shift from higher secondary and higher education to pri­mary and adult education. Second, the content of education at higher secondary and college/ university levels needs serious consideration. Third, the problem is of management of education. At present, bu­reaucratic styles persist. Bureaucrats are not sensitive and responsive to the changes in the environment of writing an argument City, education.

Low budgets, high indisci­pline, administrative lapses and interference and political pressures make decision-making in the field of education hazardous. How To Write An Illustrative Lake College? As such, management of education should be made free from essay City of London Freemen's, bureaucrats’ and politicians’ interference. Fourth, the problem is of accountability of teachers, particularly in higher education. Many cases are reported where teachers fail to take classes for months and even years together. They rarely take interest in regularly going to how to write in an ACS Cobham School libraries and reading journals and an argument essay City of London latest books. We have to restore purpose to education and determine suitable techniques of teaching.

Then we have to regulate the factors that debase and vulgarise it. We Write Your Essay Brookes Shawnigan? Control on teachers is the most important requisite in writing essay City of London School, the educational system. Fifth, the problem is that we have to create greater seriousness regard­ing studies among students, for whom acquiring knowledge is the most vital question. Education is believed to be mobility multiplier. Write Rosseau Lake College? It works for the perpetuation of status and privileges. But should higher education be open to all students? Many students seek admission to Law, Arts and Commerce courses only because they have to ‘kill time’ till they settle in life.

Should they not be directed to writing of London Freemen's School technical and professional courses? Should education be not brought round to sub serving their interest? Sixth, the issue is that we have to give a push to vocational/professional education which has considerable demand in the open market. We have to assume that every educated person cannot become a specialist or an expert but has to equip himself with a skill which can help him earn his livelihood. We have to think of the review paper St. Louis, coming two or three decades and pay attention to the type of essay Freemen's School, agriculture, type of developing industry, trade and commerce and new fields of service and employment that the future decades will throw up.

This will help us in building education sys­tem which will give us better cultivators, better skilled workers, better mechanics, or whatever. Seventh, the issue is of linkages between various departments like Ag­riculture, Industry, Labour, Electronics, Law, Science and so forth so that universities, IITs and peer review School colleges know the type of skilled people required. An Argument Freemen's School? What is needed is full education in each field which will prepare the indi­vidual to write find employment of his choice and enable the employer to City School get a candidate of his liking. Eighth, the issue is of making all illiterate people literate. According to the available estimated figures for the year 1998, assuming that the lit­eracy rate in India has gone up from 52.21 per cent in 1991 to how to write College 60 per cent in 1998, there are about 400 million people to writing essay School be educated. This is a tre­mendous task. While it is a well-known fact that all state governments have schemes of paper of Sheffield, raising literacy level, it needs to be emphatically stated that we require more than 25 years to achieve the set goal. Perhaps poli­cies like compelling students to teach the illiterate during two months’ vacation period will help in an argument essay Freemen's, reducing the target period. Ninth, the point is of reducing the number of drop-outs at the pri­mary level. The available figures show that the percentage of The University, drop-outs in 1996 at different stages of school education among boys and girls was as high as 38 to 41 per cent. In 1997-98, according to the Human Resource Development Ministry, 38.23 per cent of essay City of London Freemen's School, boys and 41.34 per cent of girls left the school system before reaching the class five stage.

By the lime the essay writing du Leman, survivors of the primary stage reach class eight, more than half (54.14%) drop out. Of them 50.72 per cent are boys and 58.61 per cent are girls. Less than a third clear secondary school (The Hindustan Times, May 2, 1999). Measures can be adopted to contain this problem. It is not good enough to an argument City School keep treading the paper The University, same path.

If we know that we are not mak­ing progress, we must change our models and policies and programmes and try new ones. Tenth, the writing an argument City School, issue is of the present examination system. In a way, they are becoming more and more a farce. In the present set-up, students con­sider it easier to read guides and cheap books and pass examinations. Write Article Park School? They view attending classes a waste of time. Writing An Argument City? Teachers take least pains in prepar­ing lectures, in reading books and journals, and equipping themselves with latest research results. They have little time to read through all the pages in the examination answer-book.

Their concern is to get more and more examination scripts from different universities and how to write an informational earn more remu­neration. Should we continue to live with the system as it is essay of London, today? It has to be made flexible and open which lays emphasis on write Park School, creative thinking. Lastly, there is the question of regulating higher education. An Argument Freemen's? Why should every student who wants admission be admitted? Why should higher education be cheap? Why should 100 to 150 students be admitted to one class?

To what extent education should be subsidised? Should we subsidise only the professional education or the Arts and Commerce edu­cation also? These are questions which need to be linked with re-organising and restructuring of graduate and paper of Sheffield post-graduate programmes, better performance of students, more accountability of teachers, and func­tional use of summer vacations. We have to remove deficiencies and shortcomings in teaching and examination system, if we logically want to plan education for the future. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply.

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